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The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is widely expressed throughout the central nervous system (CNS) and the functionality of type-1 cannabinoid receptors in neurons is well documented. In contrast, there is little knowledge about type-2 cannabinoid receptors (CB(2)Rs) in the CNS. Here, we show that CB(2)Rs are located intracellularly in layer II/III pyramidal(More)
RATIONALE Interval timing in the free-operant psychophysical procedure is sensitive to the monoamine-releasing agent d-amphetamine, the D(2)-like dopamine receptor agonist quinpirole, and the D(1)-like agonist 6-chloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzepine (SKF-81297). The effect of d-amphetamine can be antagonized by selective D(1)-like and 5-HT(2A)(More)
Rats' ability to discriminate durations is disrupted by the monoamine-releasing agent D-amphetamine and the 5-HT2 receptor agonist 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI). It is unknown whether this effect is specific for temporal discrimination or reflects general disruption of stimulus control. This experiment addressed this question by comparing the(More)
Clozapine and some other atypical antipsychotics (e.g. quetiapine, olanzapine) have been found to exert a characteristic profile of action on operant behaviour maintained by progressive-ratio schedules, as revealed by Killeen's Mathematical Principles of Reinforcement model of schedule-controlled behaviour. These drugs increase the value of a parameter that(More)
The functional presence of type-2 cannabinoid receptors (CB2Rs) in layer II/III pyramidal neurons of the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) was recently demonstrated. In the present study, we show that the application of the endocannabinoids (eCBs) 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and methanandamide [a stable analog of the eCB anandamide (AEA)] can activate(More)
Activation of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system by exogenous cannabinoids (drug abuse) can alter the physiology of the brain circuits involved in higher-order cognitive functions such as the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). A proper balance between excitation and inhibition (E/I balance) is critical for neuronal network oscillations underlying cognitive(More)
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