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The purpose of this paper was to assess to what extent an optical tracking system (OTS) used for position determination in computer-aided surgery (CAS) can be enhanced by combining it with a direct current (dc) driven electromagnetic tracking system (EMTS). The main advantage of the EMTS is the fact that it is not dependent on a free line-of-sight.(More)
Medical devices equipped with position sensors enable applications like image guided surgical interventions, reconstruction of three-dimensional 3D ultrasound (US) images, and virtual or augmented reality systems. The acquisition of three-dimensional position data in real time is one of the key technologies in this field. The systematic distortions induced(More)
The authors compared the accuracy of laser surface scanning patient registration using the commercially available Fazer (Medtronic, Inc.) with the conventional registration procedure based on fiducial markers (FMs) in computer-assisted surgery. Four anatomical head specimens were prepared with 10 titanium microscrews placed at defined locations and scanned(More)
A navigation system for computer-aided surgery (Virtual Patient System, VPS) has been described in previous studies for different indications in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of the system is the intraoperative transfer of preoperative planning on radiographs or CT scans on the patient, in real-time, and independent of the position of the(More)
We developed a head-mounted display (HMD) with integrated computer-generated stereoscopic projection of target structures and integrated it into visit, a specific oral implant planning and navigation software. The HMD is equipped with two miniature computer monitors that project computer-generated graphics stereoscopically into the optical path. Its(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term outcome of the horseshoe Le Fort I osteotomy (HLFO) as a preprosthetic operation technique for implant insertion in the extremely atrophied maxilla. STUDY DESIGN 36 patients (8 male, 28 female, average age 57.6 years) underwent HLFO combined with iliac crest bone grafting. They were(More)
Ever since the development of the first applications in image-guided therapy (IGT), the use of head-mounted displays (HMDs) was considered an important extension of existing IGT technologies. Several approaches to utilizing HMDs and modified medical devices for augmented reality (AR) visualization were implemented. These approaches include video-see through(More)
OBJECTIVES In this study, we present and evaluate a micro-computed tomography (micro-CT)-based method for the calculation of the potential bone/implant contact area (p-BICA) on the surface of dental implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS For seven commercially available implants (Ankylos implant, Brånemark System, Frialit CELLplus, Replace((R)) Select Tapered,(More)
Computer-aided surgical navigation technology is commonly used in craniomaxillofacial surgery. It offers substantial improvement regarding esthetic and functional aspects in a range of surgical procedures. Based on augmented reality principles, where the real operative site is merged with computer generated graphic information, computer-aided navigation(More)
Computer-aided surgery (CAS), the intraoperative application of biomedical visualization techniques, appears to be one of the most promising fields of application for augmented reality (AR), the display of additional computer-generated graphics over a real-world scene. Typically a device such as a head-mounted display (HMD) is used for AR. However,(More)