Felix S Grünewald

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Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) constitute a family of six polypeptides, VEGF-A, -B, -C, -D, -E and PlGF, that regulate blood and lymphatic vessel development. VEGFs specifically bind to three type V receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), VEGFR-1, -2 and -3, and to coreceptors such as neuropilins and heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG). VEGFRs are(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) interact with the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) VEGFR-1, -2, and -3; neuropilins (NRPs); and heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans. VEGF RTKs signal to downstream targets upon ligand-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, while NRPs and HS act as coreceptors that lack enzymatic activity yet modulate signal output by(More)
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