Learn More
Deciphering the multifactorial determinants of tumor progression requires standardized high-throughput preparation of 3D in vitro cellular assays. We present a simple microfluidic method based on the encapsulation and growth of cells inside permeable, elastic, hollow microspheres. We show that this approach enables mass production of size-controlled(More)
The mechanical properties of alveolar epithelial cells play a central role in maintaining the physical integrity of the alveolar epithelium. We studied the viscoelastic properties of alveolar epithelial cells (A549) in response to thrombin and histamine with optical magnetic twisting cytometry. Ferrimagnetic beads coated with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-peptide or(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows the acquisition of high-resolution images and the measurement of mechanical properties of living cells under physiological conditions. AFM cantilevers with blunted pyramidal tips are commonly used to obtain images of living cells. Measurement of mechanical properties with these tips requires a contact model that takes(More)
The stability of structures microfabricated in soft elastomeric polymers is an important concern in most applications that use these structures. Although relevant for several applications, the collapse to the ground of high aspect ratio structures (ground collapse) is still poorly understood. The stability of soft microfabricated high aspect ratio(More)
The mechanical unfolding of the muscle protein titin by atomic force microscopy was a landmark in our understanding of single-biomolecule mechanics. Molecular dynamics simulations offered atomic-level descriptions of the forced unfolding. However, experiment and simulation could not be directly compared because they differed in pulling velocity by orders of(More)
In response to external stimuli, cells modulate their adhesive state by regulating the number and intrinsic affinity of receptor/ligand bonds. A number of studies have shown that cell adhesion is dramatically reduced at room or lower temperatures as compared with physiological temperature. However, the underlying mechanism that modulates adhesion is still(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To test a cell model of snoring-induced airway inflammation and to assess whether a vibration stimulus simulating the one experienced by airway tissues in snoring patients induces inflammation in airway epithelial cells. DESIGN Prospective controlled study in cell culture. SETTING University laboratory. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS Human(More)
Membrane proteins diffuse within the membrane, form oligomers and supramolecular assemblies. Using high-speed atomic force microscopy, we present direct experimental measure of an in-membrane-plane interaction potential between membrane proteins. In purple membranes, ATP-synthase c-rings formed dimers that temporarily dissociated. C-ring dimers revealed(More)
Biological membranes define not only the cell boundaries but any compartment within the cell. To some extent, the functionality of membranes is related to the elastic properties of the lipid bilayer and the mechanical and hydrophobic matching with functional membrane proteins. Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are valid biomimetic systems for the study of(More)
Biological atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a fast growing and advancing field. This review's objective is to overview the state of the art and to retrace achievements of biological AFM as presented by past and present research, and wishes to give a (subjective) outlook where AFM may go in the upcoming years. The following areas of interest are discussed:(More)