Learn More
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to analyze patterns of care and to identify prognostic factors in patients at least 18 years of age who received radiotherapy for malignant pineal parenchymal tumors. METHODS In a multicenter, retrospective study, we analyzed data for 37 previously published cases and 64 patients treated at the participating(More)
BACKGROUND Responses to bereavement may be influenced by characteristics such as age or gender, but also by factors like culture and religion. AIM A systematic review was undertaken to assess whether spiritual or religious beliefs alter the process of grief and/or bereavement. METHODS Fifteen computerized databases were searched. Thirty-two studies met(More)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) refers to various treatments not considered as part of conventional care. CAM is used by a high number of breast cancer patients. This is a cross-sectional study employing a validated questionnaire with the aim of studying CAM use and of exploring the needs of information and communication in female breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to find out whether the worse prognosis of older patients with primary or metastatic brain tumors can be explained by different patterns of care compared with younger patients. METHODS A data base that included 430 patients with glioblastomas and 916 patients with brain metastases who underwent radiotherapy at(More)
Xerostomia is an important chronic side effect of radiotherapy in the head and neck area. The authors investigated the efficacy of different artificial saliva compounds in patients with postirradiation xerostomia. In 120 patients with xerostomia after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer, four different saliva substitute compounds (gel, carmellose spray,(More)
From July until September 2004, all deaths were registered prospectively in all departments of Freiburg University Hospital, Germany, a large teaching hospital with approximately 55,000 inpatient admissions per year. A retrospective chart review was done for all patients who died during this time period using a tool validated in two American and Australian(More)
Cadmium toxicity to renal cells was investigated in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) and LLC-PK1 cells as models of the distal tubule/collecting duct and proximal tubule, respectively. Cells were grown on two-compartment filters and exposed to 0.1-50 microM Cd2+. In MDCK cells, Cd2+ was more toxic from the basolateral than from the apical side and dependent(More)
AIM To identify the prognostic factors with regard to survival for patients with brain metastasis from primary tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS Nine hundred and sixteen patients with brain metastases, treated with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) between January 1985 and December 2000 at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the influence of blood hemoglobin concentration on the radiosensitivity of acutely reacting normal tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS Weekly scores (EORTC/RTOG criteria) for acute reactions of skin and mucosa are available for 60 patients with cancer of the head and neck undergoing a standard conventional radiotherapy. The prognostic(More)
The goals of this work were to investigate the effect of a mucin-containing spray on chronic xerostomia after radiotherapy in the head and neck region and to learn about the influence of age on the results of this treatment. A total of 73 patients with xerostomia following radiotherapy for various malignant disease in the head and neck region tested a(More)