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The effect of a shift of the blood O2 dissociation curve (ODC) on the alveolar-arterial O2 gradient was studied in computer models of the lung with several degrees of VA/Q inequality during air breathing. A shift to the left decreases and a shift to the right increases not only the mixed-venous but also the arterial PO2. Consequently the alveolar-arterial(More)
The respiratory oscillations of the arterial PO2 were measured in paralyzed, artificially ventilated cats by a small (1.2 mm) fast-responding catheter oxygen electrode. The amplitude of these oscillations could be changed independently of the mean PA,O2n by a specially designed respirator circuit. deltaPaO2 was shown to increase with increasing tidal volume(More)
The oxygenation of layers of deoxygenated hemoglobin solutions after a sudden exposure to a gas containing oxygen at a partial pressure P1 has been studied by a photometric method. Layer thicknesses varied between 50 and 250 micron, hemoglobin concentrations between 0.1 and 0.34kg/l, and oxygen partial pressures between 4.65 and 93.1 kPa (35 and 700 mmHg).(More)
Diffusion coefficients of oxygen (DO2) and hemoglobin (DHb) were obtained from measuring the oxygen flux through thin layers of hemoglobin solutions at 20 degrees C. The liquid layers were supported by a membrane and not soaked in any filter material. Oxygen fluxes were measured from the changes in oxygen partial pressure in the gas phases at both sides of(More)
We studied the steady-state oxygen transfer across thin layers of respiring chicken gizzard smooth muscle and compared three models for oxygen consumption with respect to their influence on the facilitation of oxygen diffusion by myoglobin. These models assumed zero-order, Michaelis-Menten or exponential kinetics. The transport equation was solved for these(More)