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Overall survival and progression-free survival after 5 and 10 years of 31 patients with malignant glioma treated by a combination of surgery, postoperative radiotherapy, and chemotherapy with a PCV regimen (procarbazine, CCNU [lomustine] and vincristine) is described. Parameters were evaluated by age at diagnosis, gender, ethnic origin, pre- and postsurgery(More)
Thirty patients with malignant melanoma and cerebral metastases confirmed by CT were studied. Metastases were classified according to their size: < or = 1 cm (group A), 1.1-4 cm (group B), and > 4 cm (group C), in order to assess the clinical course of the disease and predict the response to treatment with fotemustine. Group B lesions were the most common,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary approach to spinal cord compression (SCC) in accordance with prospective protocol, providing a uniform approach to diagnosis, decision making concerning optimal treatment modality in any particular case of SCC, treatment performance and evaluation of treatment results. The SCC patients treated by(More)
Increasing levels of tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen, mucin-like carcinoma-associated antigen (MCA), CA 15.3, and monoclonal antibody H23 in breast cancer patients following the treatment of the primary disease and adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy reflect subclinical development of metastatic disease. Overt metastatic disease is usually(More)
OBJECTIVES Phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activates cell survival pathways and may promote tumor cell proliferation. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of phospho-ERK staining in pretreatment specimens, and the effect of a short course of radiation therapy (RT) on the levels of phospho-ERK in specimens of(More)
PURPOSE The current standard of adjuvant treatment for gastric cancer after curative resection is concurrent administration of radiotherapy and 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. The radiation fields are often arranged as anterioposterior-posteroanterior opposed parallel fields with general recommendations for sparing at least two-thirds of one kidney. We(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Breast-conserving therapy in early breast cancer is equally effective as mastectomy, with advantages of cosmesis and quality of life over mastectomy. Local control is improved when entire breast irradiation is combined with a radiation boost to the tumour bed. METHODS Localization of the tumour bed was compared in 45 consecutive(More)
Increased levels of mucin-like carcinoma-associated antigen (MCA) in breast cancer patients with no evidence of disease following the treatment of the primary disease created a dilemma of 'to treat' or 'wait and see'. One might assume that early treatment of clinically undetectable disease on the basis of an elevated serum level of a sensitive and reliable(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The cases of 245 patients diagnosed during 1980-1989 with stage I endometrial carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed in order to assess the contribution of lymph node sampling (LNS) to both course of treatment and outcome. The 183 women treated by gyneco-oncologic surgeons had undergone the standard surgical procedure of total(More)
The importance of age as a prognostic factor in aggressive non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma (NHL) remains controversial. It is not clear whether age is an independent factor, reflecting the limited physiologic reserves of the patient, and leading in any treatment conditions to the poorer treatment outcome. This study was aimed at assessing the influence of(More)