Felix Kaufmann

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Retinoic acid (RA) exerts its pleiotropic effects on cell growth and differentiation through the activation of a family of transcription factors-the RA receptors (RARs). Three subtypes of these receptors exist, RAR alpha, RAR beta, and RAR gamma. The receptors are differentially expressed in different cell types and stages of development, suggesting that(More)
From 3-methoxyphenol-grown cells of Acetobacterium dehalogenans, an inducible enzyme was purified that mediated the transfer of the methyl groups of veratrol (1,2-dimethoxybenzene) to a corrinoid protein enriched from the same cells. In this reaction, veratrol was converted via 2-methoxyphenol to 1,2-dihydroxybenzene. The veratrol:corrinoid protein methyl(More)
The ether-cleaving O-demethylase from the strictly anaerobic homoacetogen Acetobacterium dehalogenans catalyses the methyltransfer from 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoate (vanillate) to tetrahydrofolate. In the first step a vanillate :corrinoid protein methyltransferase (methyltransferase I) mediates the methylation of a 25-kDa corrinoid protein with the cofactor(More)
The O-demethylase of the methylotrophic homoacetogenic bacterium strain MC was purified to apparent homogeneity. The enzyme system consisted of four different components that were designated A, B, C, and D according to their elution sequence from the anionic-exchange chromatography column. All four components were essentially required for catalysis of the(More)
The ether-cleaving O-demethylase isolated from syringate-grown cells of Acetobacterium dehalogenans (formerly named strain MC) consists of four proteins, components A, B, C and D. The enzyme system converts only phenyl methyl ethers with a hydroxyl group in the ortho position to the methoxyl moiety. The presence of a carboxyl group in the aromatic compound(More)
The complete amino acid sequences of ribosomal proteins L9, L20, L21/22, L24 and L32 from the archaebacterium Halobacterium marismortui were determined. The comparison of the sequences of these proteins with those from other organisms revealed that proteins L21/22 and L24 are homologous to ribosomal protein Yrp29 from yeast and L19 from rat, respectively,(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) occurs as three dimeric isoforms, AA, BB, and AB, which were previously shown to bind to two receptors with different isoform-specificity, the A/B-type (binds all three isoforms) and the B-type (binds only PDGF-BB). Results from competition binding experiments with Swiss 3T3 cells suggest the existence of a third(More)
HIV-1 infection has been shown to elicit strong CTL responses in some infected persons, but few data are available regarding the relationship between targeted epitopes and in vivo viral quasispecies. In this study, we examined the CTL response in a person infected for 15 yr with a CD4 count persistently >500 cells/microl. The dominant in vivo activated CTL(More)
A novel arotinoid with a morpholine structure in the polar end group Ro 40-8757 (4-[2-[p-[(E)-2(5,6,7,8-Tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2- naphthyl)propenyl]phenoxy]ethyl]-morpholine) was tested for its anti-proliferative activity against nine human cancer cell lines in vitro. The lines included two estrogen receptor positive breast cancer lines (MCF-7 and(More)