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The global bandwidth shortage facing wireless carriers has motivated the exploration of the underutilized millimeter wave (mm-wave) frequency spectrum for future broadband cellular communication networks. There is, however, little knowledge about cellular mm-wave propagation in densely populated indoor and outdoor environments. Obtaining this information is(More)
This paper discusses how broadband 60-GHz devices foreshadow the massively broadband future. The authors introduce relevant design and implementation concepts, and review emerging circuit, communication, and antenna developments. ABSTRACT | This tutorial presents an overview of the technological advances in millimeter-wave (mm-wave) circuit components,(More)
BACKGROUND Data on long-term central nervous system (CNS) toxicity associated with efavirenz therapy are scarce, and risk factors remain largely unknown. We aimed to determine whether monitoring the plasma concentration of efavirenz could predict neuropsychiatric adverse events associated with long-term therapy with efavirenz. METHODS We performed a(More)
—The millimeter wave frequency spectrum offers unprecedented bandwidths for future broadband cellular networks. This paper presents the world's first empirical measurements for 28 GHz outdoor cellular propagation in New York City. Measurements were made in Manhattan for three different base station locations and 75 receiver locations over distances up to(More)
A fatal case of Trichosporon inkin prosthetic endocarditis is reported. The isolation sites and susceptibility profiles of 10 other isolates are also reviewed. Four strains were recovered from cutaneous or subcutaneous samples, four were recovered from urine, one was recovered from peritoneal liquid, and one was recovered from bone. Voriconazole and(More)
— Propagation measurements at 28 GHz were conducted in outdoor urban environments in New York City using four different transmitter locations and 83 receiver locations with distances of up to 500 m. A 400 mega-chip per second channel sounder with steerable 24.5 dBi horn antennas at the transmitter and receiver was used to measure the angular distributions(More)
Differences in the uptake and time to initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the virological response to HAART, and survival from AIDS by transmission category were analyzed. A multicenter hospital-based cohort of HIV-infected patients attending 10 hospitals in Spain from January 1997 to December 2003 was used. Cross-checks with the(More)
Current knowledge suggests that both HIV and antiretroviral drugs are likely to contribute to bone disorders in patients with HIV infection. This article includes a review and update on the part played by the virus and the drugs in the low bone mineral density of HIV-infected patients, and a discussion about their implications in clinical practice. HIV(More)
We evaluated the Binax NOW rapid immunochromatographic membrane test (ICT) for detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen in a population-based prospective study of adults with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). ICT was performed with urine samples obtained from 452 (91.7%) of 493 patients enrolled. Pneumococcal antigen was detected in 19(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether metabolic or body composition effects differ between protease inhibitor-based regimens recommended for initial treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS ATADAR is a phase 4, open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Stable antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected adults were randomly assigned to(More)