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SUMMARY Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have lead to the identification of hundreds of genomic regions associated with complex diseases. Nevertheless, a large fraction of their heritability remains unexplained. Interaction between genetic variants is one of several putative explanations for the 'case of missing heritability' and, therefore, a(More)
Intellectual disability inherited in an autosomal-recessive fashion represents an important fraction of severe cognitive-dysfunction disorders. Yet, the extreme heterogeneity of these conditions markedly hampers gene identification. Here, we report on eight affected individuals who were from three consanguineous families and presented with severe(More)
Molecular karyotyping is being increasingly applied to delineate novel disease causing microaberrations and related syndromes in patients with mental retardation of unknown aetiology. We report on three unrelated patients with overlapping de novo interstitial microdeletions involving 5q14.3-q15. All three patients presented with severe psychomotor(More)
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA, male pattern baldness) is the most common form of hair loss. The origin of AGA is genetic, with the X chromosome located androgen receptor gene (AR) being the only risk gene identified to date. We present the results of a genome-wide linkage study of 95 families and linkage fine mapping of the 3q21-q29, 11q14-q25, 18p11-q23, and(More)
BACKGROUND With the beginning of the era of genome-wide association studies methods to obtain 'in silico' genotypes have gained importance. In this context, an evaluation of genome-wide power levels of current marker panels and the power gain achievable with imputed genotypes are of high interest. METHODS Power for single-marker analysis of imputed(More)
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA), or male-pattern baldness, is the most common form of hair loss. Its pathogenesis is androgen dependent, and genetic predisposition is the major requirement for the phenotype. We demonstrate that genetic variability in the androgen receptor gene (AR) is the cardinal prerequisite for the development of early-onset AGA, with an(More)
We carried out a genome-wide association study in 296 individuals with male-pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) and 347 controls. We then investigated the 30 best SNPs in an independent replication sample and found highly significant association for five SNPs on chromosome 20p11 (rs2180439 combined P = 2.7 x 10(-15)). No interaction was detected with(More)
Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disorders affecting about 5% of all school-aged children. It has been shown that event-related potential measurements reveal differences between dyslexic children and age-matched controls. This holds particularly true for mismatch negativity (MMN), which reflects automatic speech deviance processing and is altered(More)
Genetic studies have reported association of a polyglycine-encoding GGN repeat in exon 1 of the androgen receptor (AR) gene with common human traits. The polyglycine tract is located in the transactivating domain of the AR protein, suggesting an effect of repeat length on receptor function. Here, we compare the functional characteristics of the two most(More)
The non-random association of vertebral defects (V), anorectal malformations (A), cardiac defects (C), tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia (TE), renal malformations (R), and limb defects (L) is termed VACTERL association. The aim of the present study was to identify microaberrations characterized by a loss or gain of genomic material that(More)