Felix Eduardo R. Punzalan

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The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its component risk factors among Filipinos using three sets of criteria and to evaluate the association between MS and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. The study utilised a multi-staged cluster sampling design. The prevalence of MS was(More)
BACKGROUND Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease resulting from mutations of the LDL (LDLR) receptor gene leading to a diminished catabolism and elevated level of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). It is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The MEDPED (Make Early Diagnosis-Prevent Early Death) program, an(More)
BACKGROUND Loop diuretics, when given as intermittent bolus injections in acutely decompensated heart failure, may cause fluctuations in intravascular volume, increased toxicity and development of tolerance. Continuous infusion has been proposed to avoid these complications and result in greater diuresis, hopefully leading to faster symptom resolution,(More)
OBJECTIVE Sudden unexplained death during sleep (SUDS) is found frequently among Asians. The nationwide incidence of SUDS in the Philippines was measured using a questionnaire, validated in a previous study versus autopsy. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING The questionnaire was administered as part of the 2003 National Nutrition and Health Survey. A total of 4,747(More)
INTROD(.ICTION ObJective: Tho objectives of this study are: Cardiovascular disease is recogrdzed globally as a 1) to determine the prevalence of 3 atherosclerotic major problem affecting the world today. _,_While the diseases (angina, stroke and claudication) in the risk factors for these diseases are well-accepted, Philippines; and 2) to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a survey in 2008 to measure the prevalence of lifestyle-related diseases and risk factors in Philippine adults. METHODS Stratified multistage sampling was used to cover the entire Philippine population of adults aged 20 years or older. Using health questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood examinations, the prevalences(More)
The authors present a case of a 44-year-old female with unrecognised hypothyroidism consulting for heart failure symptoms. Echocardiogram revealed massive pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology, attributed to primary hypothyroidism from a previous thyroidectomy. Levothyroxine was started at a dose of 0.7 ug/kg/day followed by subxiphoid(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome(MetS) is an aggregation of multiple metabolic risk factors shown to lead to the development of cardiovascular disease. The International Diabetes Federation(IDF) and the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel Ⅲ(mNCEP) criteria are used in identifying MetS. This report will determine the prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disease entity of unknown aetiology. High rates of mortality or poor overall clinical outcome are reported in women with this condition. Certain characteristics are risk factors for this disease. In Asia, there are limited data, especially in the Southeast Asian region. In the Philippines, no data exist(More)
AIMS Currently, there are no available data on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Philippines. A cohort derived from a national study population (FNRI-NNS, 1998) was revisited after 9 years to yield valuable data on glucose homeostasis among Filipinos. METHODS Six out of 13 national regions were included in the cohort. There were 1749(More)