Felix Campelo

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The HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) composed of the receptor binding domain gp120 and the fusion protein subunit gp41 catalyzes virus entry and is a major target for therapeutic intervention and for neutralizing antibodies. Env interactions with cellular receptors trigger refolding of gp41, which induces close apposition of viral and cellular membranes(More)
A wide spectrum of intracellular processes is dependent on the ability of cells to dynamically regulate membrane shape. Membrane bending by proteins is necessary for the generation of intracellular transport carriers and for the maintenance of otherwise intrinsically unstable regions of high membrane curvature in cell organelles. Understanding the(More)
Membranes of intracellular organelles are characterized by large curvatures with radii of the order of 10-30nm. While, generally, membrane curvature can be a consequence of any asymmetry between the membrane monolayers, generation of large curvatures requires the action of mechanisms based on specialized proteins. Here we discuss the three most relevant(More)
Membrane-bound transport carriers are used to transfer cargo between membranes of the secretory and the endocytic pathways. The generation of these carriers can be classified into three steps: segregation of cargo away from the residents of a donor compartment (cargo sorting), generation of membrane curvature commensurate with the size of the cargo(More)
Cellular membranes are highly dynamic, undergoing both persistent and dynamic shape changes driven by specialized proteins. The observed membrane shaping can be simple deformations of existing shapes or membrane remodeling involving fission or fusion. Here we describe several mechanistic principles by which membrane shaping proteins act. We especially(More)
Protein domains shallowly inserting into the membrane matrix are ubiquitous in peripheral membrane proteins involved in various processes of intracellular membrane shaping and remodeling. It has been suggested that these domains sense membrane curvature through their preferable binding to strongly curved membranes, the binding mechanism being mediated by(More)
A phase-field model that takes into account the bending energy of fluid vesicles is presented. The Canham-Helfrich model is derived in the sharp-interface limit. A dynamic equation for the phase-field has been solved numerically to find stationary shapes of vesicles with different topologies and the dynamic evolution towards them. The results are in(More)
We present a model of Z -ring constriction in bacteria based on different experimental in vitro results. The forces produced by the Z ring due to lateral attraction of its constituent parts, estimated in previous studies that were based on FtsZ filaments observed by atomic force microscopy, are in good agreement with an estimation of the force required for(More)
The serine/threonine protein kinase D (PKD) is recruited to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) by binding diacylglycerol (DAG) and the ARF1 GTPase. PKD, at the TGN, promotes the production of phosphatidylinositol-4 phosphate (PI4P) by activating the lipid kinase phophatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIß (PI4KIIIß). PI4P recruits proteins such as oxysterol-binding(More)
Sphingomyelin and cholesterol can assemble into domains and segregate from other lipids in the membranes. These domains are reported to function as platforms for protein transport and signalling. Do similar domains exist in the Golgi membranes and are they required for protein secretion? We tested this hypothesis by using D-ceramide-C6 to manipulate lipid(More)