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Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a severe liver disease of unknown etiology leading to fibrotic destruction of the bile ducts and ultimately to the need for liver transplantation. We compared 3,789 PSC cases of European ancestry to 25,079 population controls across 130,422 SNPs genotyped using the Immunochip. We identified 12 genome-wide significant(More)
UNLABELLED A recent genome-wide study revealed an association between variation in the PNPLA3 gene and liver fat content. In addition, the PNPLA3 single-nucleotide polymorphism rs738409 (M148I) was reported to be associated with advanced alcoholic liver disease in alcohol-dependent individuals of Mestizo descent. We therefore evaluated the impact of(More)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) represent the predominant cell type of the neoplastic stroma of solid tumors, yet their biology and functional specificity for cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. We show here that primary CAFs from colorectal liver metastases express several inflammatory, tumor-enhancing factors, including interleukin (IL)-6 and(More)
Quality of life (QoL) is an outcome criterion of increasing importance after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The background of this development is the dramatic improvement in patient survival rates over the past two decades combined with the question of the quality of this survival. Among 339 OLT performed in Kiel since 1987, 123 recipients (70(More)
STUDY DESIGN This case-control study was undertaken to determine if relatives of patients who had been admitted for surgery for degenerative disc disease-related problems were at increased risk for lower back pain or sciatica. OBJECTIVES To determine if familial factors play a role in placing a person at risk for development of degenerative disc disease(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil is one of the most frequently used immunosuppressive drugs in solid organ transplantation. Although the adverse effect profile of mycophenolate mofetil is comparatively benign, gastrointestinal adverse effects are a major concern. The adverse effects may require a dose reduction or discontinuation, thus limiting its clinical efficacy.(More)
UNLABELLED Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease characterized by inflammation and fibrosis of the bile ducts. Both environmental and genetic factors contribute to its pathogenesis. To further clarify its genetic background, we investigated susceptibility loci recently identified for ulcerative colitis (UC) in a large(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed genetic determinants of iron metabolism, but correlation of these with clinical phenotypes is pending. Homozygosity for HFE C282Y is the predominant genetic risk factor for hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) and may cause liver cirrhosis. However, this genotype has a low penetrance. Thus, detection of yet(More)
UNLABELLED Approximately 60%-80% of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) have concurrent ulcerative colitis (UC). Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in PSC have detected a number of susceptibility loci that also show associations in UC and other immune-mediated diseases. We aimed to systematically compare genetic associations in(More)
Organ donor shortage for infant liver transplant recipients has lead to an increase in splitting and living donation. For cases in which even transplantation of the left lateral graft (Couinaud's segments II + III) results in a "large for size situation" with an estimated graft body weight ratio (GBWR) of >4%, monosegmental liver transplantation was(More)