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Blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) imaging under either hypercapnia or hyperoxia has been used to study neuronal activation and for assessment of various brain pathologies. We evaluated the benefit of a combined protocol of BOLD imaging during both hyperoxic and hypercapnic challenges (termed hemodynamic response imaging (HRI)). Nineteen healthy(More)
OBJECT Osmotic blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption induced by intraarterial infusion of mannitol is used in conjunction with chemotherapy to treat human brain tumors. The time course to barrier closure, or the so-called therapeutic window, has been examined in animals but little information is available in humans. The authors, therefore assessed the time(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis for patients with recurrent glioblastoma remains poor. The purpose of this study was to assess the potential role of MR spectroscopy as an early indicator of response to anti-angiogenic therapy. METHODS Thirteen patients with recurrent glioblastoma were enrolled in RTOG 0625/ACRIN 6677, a prospective multicenter trial in which(More)
BACKGROUND Although familial susceptibility to glioma is known, the genetic basis for this susceptibility remains unidentified in the majority of glioma-specific families. An alternative approach to identifying such genes is to examine cancer pedigrees, which include glioma as one of several cancer phenotypes, to determine whether common chromosomal(More)
PURPOSE Chemotherapy with alkylating agents is of proven efficacy in recurrent anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) with reported response rates ranging between 50% and 70%. The response of newly diagnosed AO to initial treatment with temozolomide (TMZ) has not yet been reported. This study evaluated the response and time to tumor progression of newly(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a biopsy-proven neurolymphomatosis in a young woman with previous non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of uterine cervix. PATIENT The patient presented with a painful brachial plexopathy and developed multiple cranial and spinal nerve palsies. METHODS AND RESULTS The diagnosis was achieved by an open brachial plexus biopsy. A PET/CT study(More)
The impact of enrollment in a clinical study on the survival of patients with glioblastoma has not been established. We retrospectively analyzed 564 patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma treated between 1995 and 2008. They were divided into those enrolled in a clinical trial and randomized to a treatment or control arm, and those not enrolled and who(More)
Glioblastoma is a malignant tumor characterized by a rapid proliferation rate. Contemporary multi-modality treatment consists of maximal surgical resection followed by radiation therapy (RT) combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy. The optimal timing of these different steps is not known. Four studies from the pre-temozolomide era, encompassing a total of(More)
This study proposes an automatic method for identification and quantification of different tissue components: the non-enhanced infiltrative tumor, vasogenic edema and enhanced tumor areas, at the subject level, in patients with glioblastoma (GB) based on dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI. Nineteen MR data sets,(More)