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Neurolymphomatosis (NL) is a rare clinical entity. The International Primary CNS Lymphoma Collaborative Group retrospectively analyzed 50 patients assembled from 12 centers in 5 countries over a 16-year period. NL was related to non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 90% and to acute leukemia in 10%. It occurred as the initial manifestation of malignancy in 26% of cases.(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and possible response to pre-radiation chemotherapy given to patients with central nervous system (CNS) relapse of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Twenty-three consecutive adult patients with systenic NHL and first CNS relapse were evaluated by CSF cytology and neuroaxis MRI. Treatment was(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependence (BOLD) imaging under either hypercapnia or hyperoxia has been used to study neuronal activation and for assessment of various brain pathologies. We evaluated the benefit of a combined protocol of BOLD imaging during both hyperoxic and hypercapnic challenges (termed hemodynamic response imaging (HRI)). Nineteen healthy(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that an aggressive treatment of patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) that groups radiotherapy and intra-cerebrospinal fluid (intra-CSF) chemotherapy has improved treatment outcomes. Based on their previous series of 137 patients treated with such an intensive standard protocol, the authors expected 20% of the(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosomes 1p and 19q has been associated with chemosensitivity and improved prognosis in patients with oligodendrogliomas. The DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) may induce resistance to DNA-alkylating agents. Recent studies demonstrated that temozolomide (TMZ), an oral alkylating(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of the study was to assess the role of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the assessment of secondary malignant involvement of the spinal column. METHODS In 51 patients, 242 lesions at the spinal region detected on (18)F-FDG PET/CT were interpreted separately on PET, CT, and fused PET/CT images, including differentiation between benign and(More)
PURPOSE Chemotherapy with alkylating agents is of proven efficacy in recurrent anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) with reported response rates ranging between 50% and 70%. The response of newly diagnosed AO to initial treatment with temozolomide (TMZ) has not yet been reported. This study evaluated the response and time to tumor progression of newly(More)
BACKGROUND Response rates to second-line chemotherapy in recurrent high-grade glial tumors are low and new effective treatments are needed. The objective of this study was to evaluate response rates and tolerability of chemotherapy with bevacizumab and irinotecan in recurrent high-grade gliomas. METHODS Twenty patients with recurrent gliomas were treated(More)
OBJECT Osmotic blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption induced by intraarterial infusion of mannitol is used in conjunction with chemotherapy to treat human brain tumors. The time course to barrier closure, or the so-called therapeutic window, has been examined in animals but little information is available in humans. The authors, therefore assessed the time(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate in ventricular cerebrospinal fluid and serum after osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption and intra-arterial administration compared with intravenous or simple intra-arterial infusion in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma. METHODS Serum and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid were(More)