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In this study, we compared cholesterol efflux mediated by either high density lipoproteins (HDL3) or beta-cyclodextrins, cyclic oligosaccharides that are able to dissolve lipids in their hydrophobic core. beta-Cyclodextrin, 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, and methyl-beta-cyclodextrin at 10 mM induced the release of 50-90% of L-cell [3H]cholesterol after(More)
2-Aminobenzenesulphonic acid (2AS) is degraded by Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 via a previously detected but unidentified intermediate. A mutant of strain O-1 was found to excrete this intermediate, which was isolated and identified by m.s., 1H- and 13C-n.m.r. as 3-sulphocatechol (3SC). Proteins from cell extracts of strain O-1 were separated by(More)
It had previously been shown that dissociated cell cultures from chick embryo spinal cord have a high affinity uptake system for the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and make functional inhibitory synaptic contacts as determined by electrophysiology (Farb et al., 1979). It is shown here that these cultures can synthesize GABA from added(More)
The hypocholesterolemic activities of pamaqueside and tiqueside, two structurally similar saponins, were evaluated in cholesterol-fed rabbits. The pharmacological profiles of the saponins were virtually identical: both dose-dependently decreased the intestinal absorption of labeled cholesterol 25-75%, increased fecal neutral sterol excretion up to 2.5-fold,(More)
Natural and synthetic saponins inhibit cholesterol absorption and reduce plasma cholesterol levels in experimental animals and are therefore of potential pharmacologic utility in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. To determine the effects of this class of compounds on cholesterol absorption and metabolism, we evaluated the effects of the synthetic(More)
We have explored the use of steroidal glycosides as cholesterol absorption inhibitors which act through an unknown mechanism. The lead for this program was tigogenin cellobioside (1, tiqueside) which is a weak inhibitor (ED50 = 60 mg/kg) as measured in an acute hamster cholesterol absorption assay. Modification of the steroid portion of the molecule led to(More)
Synthetic mannose-containing glycolipids utilizing the cholesterol nucleus as a lipid anchor, and either the 6-aminohexyl- or the 6-(6-aminohexanamido)hexyl-1-thio-alpha-D-mannopyranosides as the carbohydrate ligands, have been synthesized and incorporated into small unilamellar liposomes. Incorporation of these cholesterol-mannoside derivatives at(More)
Bovine erythrocytes, which are not concanavalin A (ConA)-agglutinable, can be rendered so by attaching alpha-D-mannose residues to their outer membrane. The sugars are incorporated by mildly oxidizing the cells with periodate followed by coupling the liberated aldehyde groups with an alpha-thiomannosyl containing hydrazide (I). The rate and extent of(More)
Cholesterol analogs containing sugar residues linked by spacer groups to the cholesterol O can be incorporated into egg yolk lecithin small unilamellar liposomes. The synthetic glycolipid analogs distribute evenly on both sides of the bilayer. These liposomes are aggregated by the appropriate lectin. For example, when the sugar residue is a beta-galactoside(More)