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Behavior in electric fish includes modulations of a stereotyped electric organ discharge (EOD) in addition to locomotor displays. Gymnotiformes can modulate the EOD rate to produce signals that participate in different behaviors. We studied the reproductive behavior of Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus both in the wild and laboratory settings. During the(More)
The effects of omega-conotoxin-GVIA (omega-CgTX) on synaptic transmission were studied in the electromotoneuron-electrocyte synapses of the electric organ (EO) of the weakly electric fish Gymnotus carapo. omega-CgTX selectively and irreversibly blocked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in a dose dependent-manner. The toxin had no effect on: (a)(More)
The weakly electric fish Gymnotus carapo emits a triphasic electric organ discharge generated by muscle-derived electrocytes, which is modified by environmental and physiological factors. Two electrode current clamp recordings in an in vitro preparation showed that Gymnotus electrocytes fired repetitively and responded with plateau potentials when(More)
Southern quahog clams, Mercenaria campechiensis, were dosed with Vibrio vulnificus and placed in a pilot-scale depuration system using ozonated recirculated artificial seawater. Twenty-four hours of treatment with ozone-treated recirculating artificial seawater reduced the numbers of V. vulnificus in the shellfish meats by an average of 2 log units when(More)
Electrocytes are muscle-derived cells that generate the electric organ discharge (EOD) in most gymnotiform fish. We used an in vitro preparation to determine if the complex EOD of Gymnotus carapo was related to the membrane properties of electrocytes. We discovered that in addition to the three Na(+)-mediated conductances described in a recent paper [Sierra(More)
The cyclic enrichment of behavioral repertoires is a common event in seasonal breeders. Breeding males Brachyhypopomus gauderio produce electric organ discharge (EOD) rate modulations called chirps while females respond with interruptions. The electromotor system is commanded by a pacemaker nucleus (PN) which sets the basal rate and produces the rate(More)
Voltage-gated Ca2+ conductances were investigated with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique-either using Ca2+ or Ba2+ as charge carriers-in NB69 human neuroblastoma cells plated in "defined" serum-free (DM) and in "astroglial-conditioned" media (CM). Cells expressed the microtubule associated protein 1A when plated in both media, indicating neuronlike(More)
Myelin vesicles, reconstituted liposomes with proteolipid protein (PLP), the main protein component of myelin, and electrophysiological patch-clamp are potentially powerful tools to study the role of myelin in functional ionic channels. However, technical difficulties in the vesiculation of myelin and the small size of the vesicles obtained do not permit(More)
Voltage-gated Na+ currents (INa) were analysed with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique in human neuroblastoma NB69 cells plated in serum-free "defined" medium (DM) or in "astroglial-conditioned" medium (CM). Cells survived in both media and expressed the microtubule associated protein 1A, indicating neuron-like differentiation. Two INa types with(More)
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