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Two-photon calcium imaging enables functional analysis of neuronal circuits by inferring action potential (AP) occurrence ("spike trains") from cellular fluorescence signals. It remains unclear how experimental parameters such as signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and acquisition rate affect spike inference and whether additional information about network(More)
The simultaneous recording of the activity of many neurons poses challenges for multivariate data analysis. Here, we propose a general scheme of reconstruction of the functional network from spike train recordings. Effective, causal interactions are estimated by fitting generalized linear models on the neural responses, incorporating effects of the neurons'(More)
Identifying the structure and dynamics of synaptic interactions between neurons is the first step to understanding neural network dynamics. The presence of synaptic connections is traditionally inferred through the use of targeted stimulation and paired recordings or by post-hoc histology. More recently, causal network inference algorithms have been(More)
Multiple measures have been developed to quantify the similarity between two spike trains. These measures have been used for the quantification of the mismatch between neuron models and experiments as well as for the classification of neuronal responses in neuroprosthetic devices and electrophysiological experiments. Frequently only a few spike trains are(More)
Statistical models of neural activity are integral to modern neuroscience. Recently interest has grown in modeling the spiking activity of populations of simultaneously recorded neurons to study the effects of correlations and functional connectivity on neural information processing. However, any statistical model must be validated by an appropriate(More)
We present a model that can perform ICA-like learning by simple, local, biologically plausible rules. By combining synaptic learning with homeostatic regulation of neuron properties and adaptive lateral inhibition , the neural network can robustly learn Gabor-like receptive fields from natural images. With spatially localized inhibitory connections, a(More)
Identifying the structure and dynamics of synaptic interactions between neurons is the first step to understanding neural network dynamics. The presence of synaptic connections is traditionally inferred through the use of targeted stimulation and paired recordings or by post-hoc histology. More recently, causal network inference algorithms have been(More)
We present a comparative study of the performance of different basis functions for the nonparametric modeling of neural activity in response to natural stimuli. Based on naturalistic video sequences, a generative model of neural activity was created using a stochastic linear-nonlinear-spiking cascade. The temporal dynamics of the spiking response is well(More)
Generalized Linear Models (GLMs) are stochastic models that have been successfully used to model neural activity of single cells and populations. Typically, this requires the spike train to be binned into a binary time series that is modeled as a Bernoulli-type GLM. Unless a loss in temporal precision is acceptable, the bin size has to be chosen on the(More)
  • Citation Gerhard, Robert Felipe, Gordon Pipa Haslinger, Applying, Felipe Gerhard, Robert Haslinger +1 other
  • 2011
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Statistical models of neural activity are integral to modern neuro-science.(More)