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The chromosomes of 22 animals of four subspecies of the genes Ateles (A. paniscus paniscus, A. p. chamek, A. belzebuth hybridus, and A. b. marginatus) were compared using G/C banding and NOR (nucleolar organizer region) staining methods. The cytogenetic data of Ateles in the literature were also used to clarify the phylogenetic relationships of the species(More)
Human male infertility is often related to chromosome abnormalities. In chromosomally normal infertile males, the rates of chromosome 21 and sex chromosome disomy in spermatozoa are increased. Higher incidences of trisomy 21 (seldom of paternal origin) and sex chromosome aneuploidy are also found. XXY and XYY patients produce increased numbers of XY, XX and(More)
The incidence of meiotic abnormalities and their relationship with different spermatogenic parameters was assessed in 103 male patients with presumably idiopathic severe oligoasthenozoospermia (motile sperm concentration < or = 1.5 x 10(6)/ml). Meiosis on testicular biopsies was independently evaluated by two observers. Meiotic patterns included normal(More)
ZOO-FISH (Fluorescent "in vitro" hybridization) was used to establish the chromosomal homology between humans (HSA) and Cebus nigrivitatus (CNI) and Ateles belzebuth hybridus (ABH). These two species belong to different New World monkey families (Cebidae and Atelidae, respectively) which differ greatly in chromosome number and in chromosome morphology. The(More)
The United States-Mexico border is a region comprised of a country with one of the highest rates of invasive cervical cancer (Mexico) and a country with one of the lowest rates (United States). Recent evidence clearly indicates that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the cause of cervical cancer. The distribution of specific types of HPV is known to(More)
In this paper an ancestral karyotype for primates, defining for the first time the ancestral chromosome morphology and the banding patterns, is proposed, and the ancestral syntenic chromosomal segments are identified in the human karyotype. The chromosomal bands that are boundaries of ancestral segments are identified. We have analyzed from data published(More)
Current treatment guidelines for HIV infection recommend a relatively late initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Nevertheless, there is still a concern that immune recovery may not be as complete once CD4+ T cells have decreased below a certain threshold. This study addressed the long-term response of CD4+ T-cell counts in patients on(More)
Congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD) is a heterogeneous disorder, largely due to mutations in the cystic fibrosis (CFTR) gene. Patients with unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) and patients with CAVD in association with renal agenesis appear to have a different aetiology to those with isolated CAVD. We have studied 134 Spanish CAVD(More)
Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cell (TREM) proteins are a family of cell surface receptors that participate in diverse cellular processes such as inflammation, coagulation, and bone homeostasis. TREM-1, in particular, is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes and is a potent amplifier of inflammatory responses. LPS and other microbial products(More)
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy with protease inhibitors in 1996 has changed the morbidity and mortality of acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients. Therefore, the aetiologies and prognostic factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with life-threatening respiratory failure requiring intensive care unit(More)