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In vitro pituitary and testicular effects of the leptin-related synthetic peptide leptin(116–130) amide involve actions both similar to and distinct from those of the native leptin molecule in the adult rat Abstract The obese gene (ob) product, leptin, has recently emerged as a key element in body weight homeostasis, neuroendocrine function and fertility.(More)
The ability of kisspeptins, ligands of the G protein-coupled receptor 54, to potently elicit LH secretion is now undisputed. Yet, most of the pharmacological characterization of their gonadotropin-releasing effects has been conducted after intracerebral administration. In contrast, the effects of peripheral injection of kisspeptin remains less well defined.(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor, has been recently involved in a wide array of biological functions, including signaling of energy insufficiency and energy homeostasis. On the basis of the proven reproductive effects of other regulators of energy balance, such as the adipocyte-derived hormone leptin, we hypothesized that(More)
Recently, it has been described the role of fatty acid ethanolamides in the control of feeding behavior. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a member of this family of lipid mediators regulating feeding. OEA acts suppressing feeding behavior through, at least partially, a peripheral mechanism. However, the interaction between this acylethanolamide and other(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a devastating public health problem which may result in hypopituitarism. However, the mechanisms and the risk factors responsible for hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction due to TBI are still unclear. Although APO E is one of the most abundant protein in hypothalamo-pituitary region, there is no study investigating the relation(More)
Activation of the gonadotropic axis critically depends on sufficient body energy stores, and conditions of negative energy balance result in lack of puberty onset and reproductive failure. Recently, KiSS-1 gene-derived kisspeptin, signaling through the G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), has been proven as a pivotal regulator in the control of(More)
Exercise provides clear beneficial effects for the prevention of numerous diseases. However, many of the molecular events responsible for the curative and protective role of exercise remain elusive. The recent discovery of FNDC5/irisin protein that is liberated by muscle tissue in response to exercise might be an important finding with regard to this(More)
The aim of the present study was to identify the signaling mechanism(s) responsible for the modulation of growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHSR1a)-associated Akt activity. Ghrelin leads to the activation of Akt through the interplay of distinct signaling mechanisms: an early G(i/o) protein-dependent pathway and a late pathway mediated by(More)
An endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue-receptor (GHS-receptor) has recently been isolated, from both the rat and the human stomach, and named ghrelin. It is a 28-amino-acid peptide showing a unique structure with an n-octanoyl ester at its third serine residue, which is essential for its potent stimulatory activity on somatotroph secretion. In fact,(More)
Ghrelin is a novel 28-amino acid peptide identified as the endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Besides its hallmark central neuroendocrine effects in the control of GH secretion and food intake, an unexpected reproductive facet of ghrelin has recently emerged because expression of this molecule and its cognate receptor has been(More)