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Intrathoracic lymph node enlargement is a common finding in patients with extrathoracic malignancies. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a technique that is commonly used for lung cancer diagnosis and staging but that has not been widely investigated for the diagnosis of enlarged mediastinal and lobar lymph nodes(More)
The interferon (IFN)-gamma component of the immune response plays an essential role in combating infectious and non-infectious diseases. Induction of IFN-gamma secretion by human T and natural killer (NK) cells through synergistic costimulation with interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 in the adaptive immune responses against pathogens is well established, but(More)
OBJECTIVE The identification of biological markers in order to assess different aspects of COPD is an area of growing interest. The objective of this study was to investigate whether levels of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and neopterin in COPD patients could be useful in identifying the etiological origin of the exacerbation and assessing(More)
This study investigated the utility of an immunochromatographic test (ICT) for the detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae antigens in pleural fluid. Antigen was detected in 15 of 19 (79%) patients with pneumococcal pneumonia. The ICT was always negative in patients with non-pneumococcal pneumonia, but was positive in three cases with a non-infectious(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate the rapid urine antigen tests, including a new rapid immunochromatographic test (ICT) for the detection of the Streptococcus pneumoniae antigen and an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for the detection of the Legionella antigen, in order to improve the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults. DESIGN Prospective(More)
Conventional smears of samples obtained by endobronchial ultrasound with real-time transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) have proven useful in lung cancer staging, but the value of additional information from cell-block processing of EBUS-TBNA samples has only been marginally investigated. This study focussed on the contribution of cell block(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) measurement in the stratification of severity in community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS The population studied was three hundred patients admitted to Emergency Department of a tertiary university hospital presenting clinical signs of lower respiratory tract(More)
The presence of somatic mutations of the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) correlates with a good response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The usefulness of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for the detection of EGFR(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with a huge socioeconomic impact. New strategies for the management of COPD are required, not only for identifying the origin of the exacerbation episodes, but also to assess an individual risk for each patient. A promising approach is to measure(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the duration of Streptoccocus pneumoniae antigen excretion in urine after pneumococcal pneumonia. Urinary antigen detection remained positive in nonconcentrated urine in 18 (52.9%) of the 34 patients in the first month after pneumonia diagnosis. In 12 of these positive cases, the test was still positive in the second(More)