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OBJECTIVES Despite the growing burden of dementia in low-income countries, there are few previous data on the prevalence of dementia in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dementia in those who are 70 years and older in the rural Hai District of Tanzania. METHODS This was a two-phase cross-sectional survey. Using(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported the prevalence of dementia in older adults living in the rural Hai district of Tanzania according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria. The aim of this study was to compare prevalence rates using the DSM-IV criteria with those obtained using the 10/66 diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND the World Health Organization estimates that more than one billion of the world's population are disabled. Disability is associated with increasing age and poverty, yet there are few reliable data regarding disability among the elderly in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to accurately document the prevalence of disability in those(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in individuals aged 70 and older in a rural African community. DESIGN Community-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING A demographic surveillance site (DSS) within the rural Hai district of northern Tanzania. PARTICIPANTS Approximately one-quarter (N = 2,232) of the population aged 70(More)
BACKGROUND Disability is associated with increasing age and poverty, yet there are few reliable data regarding disability amongst the elderly in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to compare disability levels for three of the most common neurological, non-communicable diseases: dementia, stroke and Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We(More)
There are limited, reliable data on the prevalence of hypertension in East African populations. The aim of this study was to document the prevalence of hypertension in the rural Hai district of Tanzania. All consenting individuals aged 70 years and over who were living in 12 randomly-selected villages in the district underwent three consecutive sitting(More)
OBJECTIVES There are few data on neurological disorders prevalence from low- and middle-income countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and none specific to the African elderly. We aimed to determined the prevalence of neurological disorders in those aged 70 years and over in a rural African community. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was a(More)
BACKGROUND Caregiver burden includes the many physical, mental and socio-economic problems arising from caring for individuals with chronic and disabling diseases. Being a carer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where little is known about chronic neurological conditions, may be extremely demanding. Conversely, multigenerational living may allow sharing of care(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of neurological disorders in those aged 70years and over in the Hai district of Tanzania has been previously reported. The following research reports rates of patient's: treatment seeking, diagnosis and treatment within this prevalent population. METHODS All people identified as having at least one neurological disorder in the(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterised by highly variable beat intervals. The aims of the study were to assess the accuracy of AF detection algorithms from short analysis durations and to validate prospectively the accuracy on a large community-based cohort of elderly subjects. Three algorithms for AF detection were evaluated: coefficient of variation(More)