Felicity C. Stark

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Induction of a functional CD8(+) T-cell response is the important criterion for cancer vaccines, and it is unclear whether acute or chronic live vectors are better suited for cancer antigen delivery. We have evaluated the tumor protective ability of two recombinant vectors, Listeria monocytogenes (LM) and Salmonella typhimurium (ST), both expressing(More)
Vesicles comprised of the ether glycerolipids of the archaeon Methanobrevibacter smithii (archaeosomes) are potent adjuvants for evoking CD8(+) T cell responses. We therefore explored the ability of archaeosomes to overcome immunologic tolerance to self-antigens. Priming and boosting of mice with archaeosome-antigen evoked comparable CD8(+) T cell response(More)
The immune system in a broad sense is a mechanism that allows a living organism to discriminate between "self" and "non-self." Examples of immune systems occur in multicellular organisms as simple and ancient as sea sponges. In fact, complex multicellular life would be impossible without the ability to exclude external life from the internal environment.(More)
Central memory CD8(+) T cells expressing the adhesion molecule CD62L (L-selectin) are potent mediators of anti-cancer immunity due to their ability to proliferate extensively upon antigen re-stimulation. The interaction of selectin with its ligands mediates leukocyte rolling along high endothelial venules. Mice deficient in α(1,3) Fucosyltransferase IV and(More)
The virulence of F. tularensis is often associated with its ability to grow in macrophages, although recent studies show that Francisella proliferates in multiple host cell types, including pulmonary epithelial cells. Thus far little is known about the requirements for killing of F. tularensis in the non-macrophage host cell types that support replication(More)
Homologous prime-boost vaccinations with live vectors typically fail to induce repeated strong CD8⁺ T cell responses due to the induction of anti-vector immunity, highlighting the need for alternative delivery vehicles. The unique ether lipids of archaea may be constituted into liposomes, archaeosomes, which do not induce anti-carrier responses, making them(More)
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