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The recognition of a cluster of antibiotic-associated nosocomial Clostridium difficile disease (NCDD) caused by serotype C in a surgical ward led to a hospital-wide NCDD surveillance and control program. The initial step included: (a) gas-liquid chromatography screening of inpatients' diarrheal stools; (b) enteric isolation precautions, cohorting and(More)
PURPOSE An outbreak of gram-negative bacteremia in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was investigated to determine the sources of infection and to control transmission. PATIENTS, METHODS, AND RESULTS The incidence of post-ERCP bacteremia increased from 1.6% (60 of 3,696) procedures to 3.6% (53 of 1,454) procedures(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the investigation and molecular characterization of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) strain responsible for a nosocomial outbreak in the haematology unit of a tertiary-care university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two patients admitted to the haematology unit developed infection/colonization with VREF over a 3(More)
Molecular typing was used to investigate an outbreak of infection caused by multidrug-resistant Enterobacter aerogenes (MREA) susceptible only to gentamicin and imipenem in an intensive care unit (ICU). Over a 9-month period, ciprofloxacin-resistant E. aerogenes isolates were isolated from 34 patients, or 4.1% of ICU admissions, compared with a baseline(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe an outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in the intensive care units (ICUs) of a hospital and the impact of routine and reinforced infection control measures on interrupting nosocomial transmission. DESIGN Outbreak report. SETTING A 31-bed intensive care department (composed of 4 ICUs)(More)
To determine the source of a nosocomial outbreak of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 infection and the efficacy of control measures, clinical and environmental isolates were characterized by molecular subtyping and disease surveillance was conducted. The outbreak involved 32 cases (relative risk, 4.0; P less than .001 vs. previous period). Water(More)
Between January 1 and June 30, 1983, immunosuppressive drugs were administered in 20 renal transplant recipients undergoing 23 rejection episodes and in 3 patients with renal failure secondary to systemic disease. Legionella pneumophila, serogroup 1, pneumonia was diagnosed on 12/26 (47%) occasions. In an attempt to decrease this high rate, a program of(More)
Background. Major depression is often chronic or recurrent and is usually treated within primary care. Little is known about the associated morbidity and costs. Objectives. To determine socio-demographic characteristics of people with chronic or recurrent depression in primary care and associated morbidity, service use, and costs. Method. 558 participants(More)
OBJECTIVES To illustrate the close association between a disturbed psychosocial up-bringing, frequent physical illness, and medical interventions. METHOD We report a case of a 44-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa (AN) and Sheehan's syndrome who died as a result of a toxic cardiac arrest. RESULTS The patient presented with a BMI of 13.6 kg/m(2). She(More)