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The fatty acid composition and lipid content of white muscle, liver and mesenteric fat, in reared v. wild sharpsnout sea bream (Diplodus puntazzo) were compared. The mesenteric fat index fat weight/body weight) and the lipid contents of both white muscle and liver proved consistently higher in farmed v. wild sharpsnout sea bream (79.0 (SE 13.1) v. 38.7 (SE(More)
We have studied the effects of long-term social isolation of male Wistar rats, after early weaning (16 days), on the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In addition to studying basal HPA activity, the response of the HPA axis to 15 min of immobilization stress was examined. Plasma corticosterone concentrations were measured, and the(More)
The studies presented demonstrate changes in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical secretion, and in electrical activity and synaptic responses of neurons in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, preoptic area, and hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of rats exposed to early, long-term social isolation. Rats isolated from all social contact from an early(More)
The expression of members of the Jun family of transcription factors was examined by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, in situ hybridization and Northern blotting in the developing and adult rat brain following colchicine administration. Apoptotic cells, as revealed by their typical morphology and positive staining with the method of in situ(More)
It has been shown that nerve growth factor (NGF) administration is capable of curbing tissue damage in several neurodegenerative disorders. As a first step to learning about the possible functional role of NGF in the astroglial response during neurodegeneration, we have analyzed the expression of the functional receptor for NGF, TrkA, in human(More)
The distribution and regulation of mRNA for the IGF-I receptor (IGF-I-R) in the adult rat brain were studied by in-situ hybridization with a 35S-labelled cRNA probe. The pituitary gland showed a strong hybridization signal in the pars tuberalis (the surface of the median eminence), pars distalis and pars intermedia. Within the brain, a strong hybridization(More)
Diffusible factors, including netrins and semaphorins, are believed to be important cues for the formation of neural circuits in the forebrain. Here we have examined the role of netrin 1 in the development of hippocampal connections. We show that netrin 1 and its receptor, Dcc, are expressed in the developing fimbria and in projection neurons, respectively,(More)
Double-labeling immunohistochemical studies were performed to discern the morphological relationships between corticotropin-releasing factor-immunoreactive (CRF-ir) perikarya and afferent innervation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat. Attention was focussed on the local innervation by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT),(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is shown to be involved in the regulation of pituitary hormones. High IGF-I concentrations were detected in hypothalamus and pituitary during adulthood. This study was undertaken to analyze the cellular distribution of IGF-I in the hypothalamo-hypophyseal system of the adult rat using immunocytochemical procedures. IGF-I(More)
This study was performed to characterize the effects of adrenalectomy (ADX) on electrical activity and synaptic responses of bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and preoptic area (POA) neurons, which are involved in the control of limbic-hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (LHPA) activity. Adrenalectomy altered the response of BNST neurons to medial(More)