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Glucocorticoid excess induces hyperglycemia, which may result in diabetes. The present experiments explored whether glucocorticoids trigger apoptosis in insulin-secreting cells. Treatment of mouse beta-cells or INS-1 cells with the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (0.1 micromol/l) over 4 days in cell culture increased the number of fractionated nuclei from 2 to(More)
Potassium channels regulate insulin secretion. The closure of KATP channels leads to membrane depolarisation, which triggers Ca2+ influx and stimulates insulin secretion. The subsequent activation of K+ channels terminates secretion. We examined whether KCNQ1 channels are expressed in pancreatic β-cells and analysed their functional role. Using RT/PCR(More)
Glucocorticoids blunt insulin release, an effect partially due to activation of Kv channels. Similar to those channels Na+/K+ ATPase activity repolarizes the plasma membrane. The present study explored whether glucocorticoids increase the Na+/K+ ATPase activity in pancreatic beta-cells. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (100 nmol/l for 1 day) significantly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fenamates are N-phenyl-substituted anthranilic acid derivatives clinically used as non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs in pain treatment. Reports describing fenamates as tools to interfere with cellular volume regulation attracted our attention based on our interest in the role of the volume-modulated transient receptor potential(More)
Cancer control by adaptive immunity involves a number of defined death and clearance mechanisms. However, efficient inhibition of exponential cancer growth by T cells and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) requires additional undefined mechanisms that arrest cancer cell proliferation. Here we show that the combined action of the T-helper-1-cell cytokines IFN-γ and tumour(More)
Glucocorticoid excess predisposes to the development of diabetes, at least in part through impairment of insulin secretion. The underlying mechanism has remained elusive. We show here that dexamethasone upregulates transcription and expression of the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) in insulin-secreting cells, an effect reversed by(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro models suggest that free fatty acid-induced apoptotic beta-cell death is mediated through protein kinase C (PKC)delta. To examine the role of PKCdelta signaling in vivo, transgenic mice overexpressing a kinase-negative PKCdelta (PKCdeltaKN) selectively in beta-cells were generated and analyzed for glucose homeostasis and beta-cell(More)
Appropriate insulin secretion depends on beta-cell mass that is determined by the balance between cell proliferation and death. IGF-1 stimulates proliferation and protects against apoptosis. In contrast, glucocorticoids promote cell death. In this study we examined molecular interactions of the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (dexa) with IGF-1 signalling(More)
BACKGROUND High fat diet-induced hyperglycemia and palmitate-stimulated apoptosis was prevented by specific inhibition of protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) in β-cells. To understand the role of PKCδ in more detail the impact of changes in PKCδ activity on proliferation and survival of insulin-secreting cells was analyzed under stress-free conditions. (More)