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The FTO (Fat mass and obesity associated) locus has recently been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in humans. To understand the role of the FTO gene in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) we genotyped single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1421085 (C/T) in women with PCOS (n=207) and controls (n=100) from a Central European population. The(More)
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS-1, OMIM 240300) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by the presence of at least two of three major diseases: hypoparathyroidism, Addison's disease, and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. We aim to identify the molecular defects and investigate the clinical and mutational characteristics in an(More)
OBJECTIVE Transsphenoidal surgery is the procedure of choice in Cushing disease (CD), with immediate post-operative remission rates ranging between 59 and 94% and recurrence rates between 3 and 46%, both depending upon the definition criteria and the duration of the follow-up. Our aim was to assess the rate of remission, recurrence and persistence of the(More)
Epigenetic mechanisms, in particular the enzymatic modification of histones, are a crucial element of cell differentiation, a regulated process that allows a precursor cell basically to turn into a different cell type while maintaining the same genetic equipment. We have previously described that the promoters of adipogenic genes display significant levels(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares the patterns of visceral (VIS) and subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue (AT)-derived metabolites from non-obese (BMI 24-26 kg/m2) and obese subjects (BMI > 40 kg/m2) with no major metabolic risk factors other than BMI. METHODS SC- and VIS- AT obtained from obese (Ob) and non-obese (NOb) subjects during surgery were incubated to(More)
BACKGROUND  Obesity is associated with an increased atherothrombotic morbidity/mortality risk. However, there is no direct evidence of subclinical activation of the endothelium in obese subjects without other major cardiometabolic risk factors. OBJECTIVES  We applied a translational approach to investigate endothelial activation occurring in response to(More)
AIM Considering the poor long-term success of current dietary and pharmacological interventions, we aimed to evaluate the potential effect of sodium tungstate in the treatment of grade I and II obesity (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00555074). METHODS Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, proof-of-concept study was carried out.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Stimulation of insulin release by D-glucose is accompanied by Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) efflux from pancreatic islet cells. The efflux of these anions may involve volume-regulated anion channels, including possibly TMEM16A, and the Na(+)-HCO(3)(-)-cotransporter SLC4A4. The present study was designed to explore the expression of both TMEM16A and(More)
Clock gene expression was associated with different components of metabolic syndrome (MS) in human adipose tissue. However, no study has been done to compare the expression of clock genes in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from lean and obese subjects and its clinical implications. Therefore, we studied in lean and obese women the endogenous 24 h expression(More)