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The p53-regulated GADD45 gene is one of the important players in cellular response to DNA damage, and probably involved in the control of cell cycle checkpoint, apoptosis and DNA repair. There are both the p53-dependent and -independent pathways that regulate GADD45 induction. Following ionizing radiation, induction of the GADD45 gene is regulated by p53(More)
Mammalian cells have a remarkable diverse repertoire of response to genotoxic stress that damage DNA. Cellular responses to DNA damaging agents will initially exhibit gene induction, which is regulated by complex mechanism(s) and probably involves multiple signaling pathways. In this paper, we demonstrate that induction of ATF3 protein, a member of the(More)
Reactive oxygen species can lead to functional alterations in lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, and an accumulation of ROS (Reactive oxygen species) is considered to be one factor that contributes to neurodegenerative changes. An increase in ROS production occurs following irradiation. Neuronal tissue is susceptible to oxidative stress because of its(More)
BRCA1, a breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, has been implicated in gene regulation. Previous studies demonstrate that BRCA1 induces GADD45, a p53-regulated and stress-inducible gene that plays an important role in cellular response to DNA damage. However, the mechanism(s) by which BRCA1 regulates GADD45 remains unclear. In this report, we have(More)
IL-1β, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to contribute to radiation injury. Sirt1, an NAD+-dependent class III protein deacetylase, plays an important role in the regulation of the proinflammatory cytokines involved in inflammation-associated diseases. The relationship between Sirt1 and IL-1β, however, has remained elusive. The present study was(More)
In response to DNA damage, the cell cycle checkpoint is an important biological event in maintaining genomic fidelity. Gadd45, a p53-regulated and DNA damage inducible protein, has recently been demonstrated to play a role in the G2-M checkpoint in response to DNA damage. In the current study, we further investigated the biochemical mechanism(s) involved in(More)
Radiosensitizers can increase local treatment efficacy under a relatively low and safe radiation dose, thereby facilitating tumor eradication and minimizing side effects. Here, a new class of radiosensitizers is reported, which contain several gold (Au) atoms embedded inside a peptide shell (e.g., Au10-12 (SG)10-12 ) and can achieve ultrahigh tumor uptake(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that neuronal cell death occurs via extrinsic (death receptors) and intrinsic (mitochondria) pathways. Radiation induces caspase activation fundamentally via the mitochondrial pathway. To investigate the role of caspase, a cell permeable pan-caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk(More)
The human actin-binding protein filamin-A (also known as ABP-280) cross-links actin into a dynamic three-dimensional structure. It interacts with >45 proteins of diverse functions, serving as the scaffold in various signaling networks. BRCA2 is a protein that regulates RAD51-dependent recombinational repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSB). Proximate to(More)
Accessory auricular anomaly is a small excrescence of skin that contains elastic cartilage on different regions of the helix and the face. Previous work has shown that the genetic trait of some patients with the isolated symptom of accessory auricular anomaly is autosomal dominant. To map the gene for autosomal dominant accessory auricular anomaly (ADAAA),(More)