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INTRODUCTION Curdione, one of the major sesquiterpene compounds from Rhizoma Curcumae, has been shown to exhibit multiple bioactive properties. In this study, we investigated the anti-platelet aggregation and antithrombotic activities of curdione with different methods both in vitro and in vivo. The purpose of the study was to explore an inhibitor of(More)
This study focused on the antidepressant potential of orcinol glucoside (OG) and its possible mechanisms of action. We established a depressed rat model using 3 consecutive weeks of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). The antidepressant-like effect of OG was revealed using the sucrose preference test, the open field test, the forced swimming test(More)
Metabolic bone diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoporosis, affect hundreds and millions of people worldwide leading causes of long-term pain and disability. Effective clinical treatment for bone destruction in bone diseases is lacking because the knowledge about molecular mechanisms leading to bone destruction are incompletely understood.(More)
The S component (LukS-PV) is one of the two components of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), which is a pore-forming cytotoxin secreted by Staphylococcus aureus, with the ability to lyse leukocytes. In this study, LukS-PV had the ability to induce apoptosis in the human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line THP-1. Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms(More)
The hepatoprotective effects of total flavonoids of Bidens pilosa L. (TFB), a traditional Chinese medicine were evaluated in carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver injury in mice and rats. Total flavonoids of Bidens pilosa L. (25, 50 and 100mg/kg) were administered via gavage daily for 10 days to CCl(4)-treated mice as well as TFB (30, 60 and 90mg/kg)(More)
The anorexigenic molecule nesfatin-1 has recently been taken as a potential mood regulator, but the potential mechanisms remain unknown. Results of our previous study have demonstrated that nesfatin-1 could induce anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in rats, accompanied by the hyperactivity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis and the imbalanced(More)
Depression is a multicausal disorder and has been associated with metabolism regulation and immuno-inflammatory reaction. The anorectic molecule nesfatin-1 has recently been characterized as a potential mood regulator, but its precise effect on depression and the possible mechanisms remain unknown, especially when given peripherally. In the present study,(More)
A significant decrease in tissue pH or acidosis is a common feature of numerous diseases, including RA (rheumatoid arthritis). Cartilage homoeostasis is profoundly affected by local acidosis in the joints. The diuretic, amiloride, is neuroprotective in models of cerebral ischaemia, a property attributable to the inhibition of ASICs (acid-sensing ion(More)
The anorectic neuropeptide nesfatin-1 has recently been characterized as a potential mood regulator, but the accurate effect of nesfatin-1 on anxiety and learning and memory behavior and the possible mechanisms remains unknown. In the present study, to test the hypothesis that nesfatin-1 might affect the anxiety-like and learning and memory behaviors in(More)
Gastric cancer is one of the most common and lethal cancers worldwide. However, despite its clinical importance, the regulatory mechanisms involved in the aggressiveness of this cancer are still poorly understood. A better understanding of the biology, genetics and molecular mechanisms of gastric cancer would be useful in developing novel targeted(More)