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Disease resistance proteins containing a nucleotide binding site (NBS) and a leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region compose the largest class of disease resistance proteins. These so-called NBS-LRR proteins confer resistance against a wide variety of phytopathogens. To help elucidate the mechanism by which NBS-LRR proteins recognize and transmit pathogen-derived(More)
ABI5 (ABA insensitive 5), a bZIP (Basic leucine zipper) transcription factor, has been shown to be a major mediator of plant ABA responses during seed germination. Although the molecular basis of ABI5-modulated processes has been well demonstrated in Arabidopsis thaliana, its identity and function in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) remain(More)
Open Stomata 1 (OST1), an ABA-activated sucrose non-fermenting 1 (SNF1)-related protein kinase, is critical for plant drought responses. We investigated the functions of two splicing isoforms of the OST1 ortholog in Brassica oleracea (BolOST1). BolOST1 expression was found to be dramatically induced by drought and high-salt stress, and the ectopic(More)
ABI1 (ABA Insensitive 1) is an important component of the core regulatory network in early ABA (Abscisic acid) signaling. Here, we investigated the functions of an ABI1 ortholog in Brassica oleracea (BolABI1). The expression of BolABI1 was dramatically induced by drought, and constitutive expression of BolABI1 confers ABA insensitivity upon the wild-type.(More)
This paper describes the methods and results of classifications of multi-temporal Landsat TM/ETM+ data of the seven-county Twin Cities Metropolitan Area of Minnesota for 1986, 1991 and 1998. The overall classification accuracies were 95% for the three years, and the change detection accuracy was 88-90%. The classifications showed that the amount of urban or(More)
BACKGROUND The detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitrite ion (NO2-) is of great important in various fields including clinic, food, pharmaceutical and environmental analyses. Compared with many methods that have been developed for the determination of them, the electrochemical detection method has attracted much attention. In recent years, with the(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an essential role in seed germination. In this study, we demonstrate that one SNF1-related protein kinase3-type protein kinase, SOS2-like protein kinase5 (PKS5), is involved in ABA signal transduction via the phosphorylation of an interacting protein, abscisic acid-insensitive5 (ABI5). We found that pks5-3 and pks5-4, two(More)
Most small glaciers in the world have significantly decreased their volume during the last century, which has caused water shortage problems. Glacier No. 1, at the headwaters of the Urumqi River, Tianshan, China, has been monitored since 1959 and similarly has experienced significant mass and volume losses over the last few decades. Thus, we examined the(More)
The capital water resources of Tianjin is only 160m<sup>3</sup>, so Tianjin belongs to a city with shortage of water resource. With the rapid development of the city, the crisis of resource shortage is more and more grave, so it is much more important to fully use the water resource of infiltration of Tianjin river systems which are part of 19 one-level(More)
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