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The GP64 and F proteins were previously identified as the sole functional envelope fusion proteins in Baculoviridae. F-like proteins, present only in group I nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs), are remnant, nonfunctional F proteins. In this report, we describe the effect of the presence or absence of the F-like protein Ac23 in a gp64-null Autographa californica(More)
The entry of baculovirus budded virus into host cells is mediated by two distinct types of envelope fusion proteins (EFPs), GP64 and F protein. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that F proteins were ancestral baculovirus EFPs, whereas GP64 was acquired by progenitor group I alphabaculovirus more recently and may have stimulated the formation of the group I(More)
F proteins of group II nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) are envelope fusion proteins essential for virus entry and egress. An F-null Helicoverpa armigera single nucleocapsid NPV (HearNPV) bacmid, HaBacDeltaF, was constructed. This bacmid could not produce infectious budded virus (BV) when transfected into HzAM1 cells, showing that F protein is essential for(More)
The envelope fusion protein F of Plutella xylostella granulovirus is a computational analogue of the GP64 envelope fusion protein of Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). Granulovirus (GV) F proteins were thought to be unable to functionally replace GP64 in the AcMNPV pseudotyping system. In the present study the F protein of Agrotis segetum(More)
An all-optical sampling OFDM scheme using PolMux-DQPSK format with single source is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. 5 × 200 Gb/s AOS-OFDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.07 bit/s/Hz is successfully transmitted over an 80 km SMF link with real-time detection by optical Fourier transform filters. Furthermore, this scheme can coexist with(More)
Analysising WEB Geographic Information System (WEBGIS) status, found that the existing problem in the current system, combine the SVG with the Ajax, propose a idea of constructing a new WEBGIS system. First introduce a variety of techniques used, SVG technology has such characteristics as small storage space and the strong intercommunication, illustrates(More)
We propose and demonstrate a phase stabilization method for transfer and downconvert radio frequency (RF) signal from remote antenna to center station via a radio-over-fiber (ROF) link. Different from previous phase-locking-loop-based schemes, we post-correct any phase fluctuation by mixing during the downconversion process at the center station. A rapid(More)
In this paper, we propose a phase-conjugation-based fast radio frequency (RF) phase auto stabilization technique for long-distance fiber delivery. By phase conjugation at the center site, the proposed scheme pre-phase-promotes the RF signal with the shift which is acquired by round-trip transferring another RF whose frequency is half of the one to be sent.(More)
A novel high speed transmission system using all-optical sampling orthogonal frequency multiplexing (AOS-OFDM) technique is proposed and demonstrated. By utilizing polarization multiplexing (PolMUX) and non-return-to-zero (NRZ) format, the total bit rate is 100 Gb/s with high spectral efficiency of 1.6. In addition, optical cyclic postfixes are inserted to(More)
Based on optical frequency combs (OFC), we propose an efficient and flexible multi-band frequency conversion scheme for satellite repeater applications. The underlying principle is to mix dual coherent OFCs with one of which carrying the input signal. By optically channelizing the mixed OFCs, the converted signal in different bands can be obtained in(More)