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In this study, the adjuvant activity of sulfated glucan from saccharomyces cerevisiae (SGSC) was investigated. sGSC had molecular weight of 12.9kDa and degrees of sulfation of 0.16. The effects of SGSC on the splenic lymphocyte cells of mice were measured in vitro. The results showed that SGSC could significantly promote lymphocyte proliferation singly or(More)
Several Acalypha australis Linn. species are used in traditional medicine in Southeast Asia. In this work, the ultra-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry fingerprints and the antibacterial activities of A. australis Linn. were investigated. An in-depth discussion on the reliability of identifying and obtaining potentially active compounds by(More)
Quinocetone (QCT) has been widely used as an animal growth promoter in China. However, amounts of available data indicated that QCT probably had potential toxicity. The present study was aimed to investigate the genotoxicity, mitochondrial damage and apoptosis in HepG2 cells for QCT and its metabolites, DQCT and MQCA. QCT has seriously cytotoxic to HepG2(More)
As an obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasite, Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) can rapidly invade chicken cecum epithelial cells and cause avian coccidiosis. Enolase, an essential enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate into phosphoenolpyruvate, plays a very important role in glycolysis. In this study, each chicken was(More)
To evaluate the immune effect of sulfated glucan from saccharomyces cerevisiae (SGSC) on chickens, two experiments were researched. In vitro experiment, the effects of SGSC on chicken splenic lymphocyte proliferation were determined. The results displayed that SGSC could significantly stimulate chicken splenic lymphocyte proliferation. In vivo experiment,(More)
RATIONALE Nitromezuril is a novel triazine compound possessing remarkable anticoccidial activity that could have possible future use in the prevention of coccidiosis; however, its metabolic characteristics have still not been revealed. METHODS In the present study, the in vitro metabolism of nitromezuril in HepG2 cells, rat S9 and primary hepatocytes was(More)
Mequindox, a quinoxaline 1,4-dioxide, is widely used as a feed additive in the Chinese livestock industry because of its effective antibacterial properties. Many recent studies have found that mequindox is rapidly metabolized to numerous metabolites following administration to animals. There have, however, been few reports describing the cytotoxicity of(More)
To evaluate the antioxidant and immune effects of low molecular yeast β-glucan on mice, three sulfated glucans from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (sGSCs) with different molecular weight (MW) and degrees of sulfation (DS) were prepared. The structures of the sGSCs were analyzed through high performance liquid chromatography-gel permeation chromatography(More)
The effects of diclazuril on mRNA expression levels of invasion-related microneme genes were examined in second-generation merozoites of Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) by quantitative real-time (QRT) PCR. Diclazruil treatment of infected chickens significantly decreased the number of second-generation merozoites by 65.13%, and resulted in downregulation of(More)
The effects of nutritional components and submerged culture conditions on colony-forming unit (CFU) counts by Streptococcus suis serotype 2 strain HA9801 in flask culture was investigated, and the optimal medium and cultivation conditions was confirmed by using a 50l bioreactor. The LD(50) values of HA9801 in pigs before and after fermentation were 1.8 x(More)