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BACKGROUND Genome-wide measures of gene expression can identify patterns of gene activity that subclassify tumours and might provide a better means than is currently available for individual risk assessment in patients with lymph-node-negative breast cancer. METHODS We analysed, with Affymetrix Human U133a GeneChips, the expression of 22000 transcripts(More)
A Reverse k-Nearest-Neighbor (RkNN) query finds the objects that take the query object as one of their k nearest neighbors. In this paper we propose new solutions for evaluating RkNN queries and its variant bichromatic RkNN queries on 2-dimensional location data. We present an algorithm named INCH that can compute a RkNN query's search region (from which(More)
This paper introduces an efficient algorithm for the compressed MR image reconstruction problem, which is formulated as the minimization of a linear combination of three terms corresponding to a least square data fitting, nonlocal total variation (NLTV) and wavelet sparsity regularization. In our method, the original minimization problem is decomposed into(More)
PURPOSE Automatic brain-lesion segmentation has the potential to greatly expand the analysis of the relationships between brain function and lesion locations in large-scale epidemiologic studies, such as the ACCORD-MIND study. In this manuscript we describe the design and evaluation of a Bayesian lesion-segmentation method, with the expectation that our(More)
Certain types of nonpsychoactive cannabinoids can potentiate glycine receptors (GlyRs), an important target for nociceptive regulation at the spinal level. However, little is known about the potential and mechanism of glycinergic cannabinoids for chronic pain treatment. We report that systemic and intrathecal administration of cannabidiol (CBD), a major(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, chromosome fragile sites are regions that are especially prone to forming non-staining gaps, constrictions or breaks in one or both of the chromatids on metaphase chromosomes either spontaneously or following partial inhibition of DNA synthesis and have been well identified. So far, no plant chromosome fragile sites similar to those in(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines such as TNFα are elevated in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), but their contribution to disease pathogenesis is unknown. Here we reveal a central role for TNFα in promoting clonal dominance of JAK2(V617F) expressing cells in MPN. We show that JAK2(V617F) kinase regulates TNFα expression in cell lines and primary(More)
Evolution of insect resistance to transgenic crops containing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) genes is a serious threat to the sustainability of this technology. However, field resistance related to the reduced efficacy of Bt maize has not been documented in any lepidopteran pest in the mainland U.S. after 18 years of intensive Bt maize planting. Here we report(More)
Volume rendering has long been used as a key technique for volume data visualization, which works by using a transfer function to map color and opacity to each voxel. Many volume rendering approaches proposed so far for voxels classification have been limited in a single global transfer function, which is in general unable to properly visualize interested(More)