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BACKGROUND & AIMS Staging inadequately predicts metastatic risk in patients with colon cancer. We used a gene expression profile derived from invasive, murine colon cancer cells that were highly metastatic in an immunocompetent mouse model to identify patients with colon cancer at risk of recurrence. METHODS This phase 1, exploratory biomarker study used(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 is overexpressed in leukemias and various types of solid tumors, and the WT1 protein was demonstrated to be an attractive target antigen for immunotherapy against these malignancies. Here, we report the outcome of a phase I clinical study of WT1 peptide-based immunotherapy for patients with breast or lung cancer, myelodysplastic(More)
Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders in human adults. It can be characterized as a progressive neurological disorder of which the most recognizable feature is a tremor of the arms or hands that is apparent during voluntary movements such as eating and writing. The pathology of ET remains unclear. Resting-state fMRI (RS-fMRI),(More)
Enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) are devices that can produce electrical energy by enzymatic oxidation of energy-dense fuels (such as glucose). When considering bioanode construction for EFCs, it is desirable to use a system with a low onset potential and high catalytic current density. While these two properties are typically mutually exclusive, merging these(More)
In this letter, we propose a novel method for inshore ship detection via ship head classification and body boundary determination. Compared with some traditional ship head detection methods depending on accurate ship head segmentation, we generate novel ship head features in the transformed domain of polar coordinate, where the ship heads have an(More)
PURPOSE Clinical data suggest that the estrogen receptor (ER) contributes to chemotherapeutic responsiveness. However, ER status alone is not consistently predictive. In this study, we used a microarray approach to find novel ER-related genes that predicted chemotherapy responses, with the hope of providing a robust multi-variable prediction method. (More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second-most common age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder and is caused by severe degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Unfortunately, current treatment only targets symptoms and involves dopamine replacement therapy, which does not counteract progressive degeneration. MicroRNAs(More)
The nicotine-degrading bacterium HZN1 was isolated from activated sludge and identified as Shinella sp. based on its physiological characteristics and analysis of 16S rDNA gene. Strain HZN1 is capable of using nicotine as the sole carbon source in the mineral salts medium. The optimum temperature and pH for strain HZN1 growth and nicotine degradation were(More)
It has been reported that the cytokeratin 19 (CK19) fragment, CYFRA 21-1, is increased in sera of some hepatocellular carcinoma patients. We hypothesized that CYFRA 21-1 might be released directly from hepatocellular carcinoma. To investigate this mechanism, we evaluated expression of CK19 in 8 human cell lines by immunoradiometric assay, Western blotting,(More)
BACKGROUND The high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is a widespread nuclear protein present in most cell types. It typically locates in the nucleus and functions as a nuclear cofactor in transcription regulation. However, HMGB1 can also localize in the cytoplasm and be released into extracellular matrix, where it plays critical roles in carcinogenesis(More)