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Many growth factors and cytokines are involved in liver regeneration. Of them, only hepatopoietin (HPO)/ALR (augmenter of liver regeneration) is a specifically hepatotrophic factor originally identified from the cytosol of regenerating or hyperplastic hepatic cells. Previous reports indicate that extracellular HPO triggers the MAPK pathway by binding its(More)
We cloned two novel human transmembrane semaphorins, (HSA)SEMA6C and (HSA)SEMA6D, that belong to the class VI subgroup of the semaphorin family. The genes for SEMA6C and SEMA6D are mapped on chromosome 1q12-21.1 and 15q21.1, respectively. Among the adult tissues, SEMA6C is expressed only in skeletal muscle, whereas SEMA6D is expressed abundantly in kidney,(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) often relapses following chemotherapy-induced remission and is generally chemo-resistant. Given the potential role for cancer stem cells in relapse, targeting of the leukemia-initiating cell (LIC) in AML may provide improved outcome following remission induction. However, due to overlap in their self-renewal program with normal(More)
mTOR senses nutrient and energy status to regulate cell survival and metabolism in response to environmental changes. Surprisingly, targeted mutation of Tsc1, a negative regulator of mTORC1, caused a broad reduction in miRNAs due to Drosha degradation. Conversely, targeted mutation of Raptor, an essential component of mTORC1, increased miRNA biogenesis.(More)
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved catabolic process that allows recycling of cytoplasmic organelles, such as mitochondria, to offer a bioenergetically efficient pathway for cell survival. Considerable progress has been made in characterizing mitochondrial autophagy. However, the dedicated ubiquitin E3 ligases targeting mitochondria for autophagy have(More)
Given the interactive media characteristics and intrinsically motivating appeal, computer games are often praised for their potential and value in education.allHowever, comprehensive research testing these assumptions is still missing. Preliminary comparative studies on the learning effects of games versus traditional media have shown some promise. In this(More)
Aristolochic acid analogues, including aristolochic acids (AAs) and aristolactams (ALs), are known to be nephrotoxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic. In this paper, a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-fluorescence detection (HPLC-DAD-FLD) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of six AAs together with five ALs.(More)
In this study, an aerobic bacterial strain capable of utilizing dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) as sole carbon source and energy was isolated from activated sludge collected from a dyeing plant. According to its morphology, physiochemical characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence, the strain was identified as(More)
Without adding any volatile organic solvents, aqueous solutions of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) were used as 'green' mobile phases to determine octopamine, synephrine and tyramine by liquid chromatography. The problems of the adrenergic amines separation, such as band tailing, low retention and low resolution were solved successfully by using(More)