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The genome-wide transcriptional responses of S. cerevisiae to heterologous carotenoid biosynthesis were investigated using DNA microarray analysis. The results show that the genes involved in metal ion transport were specifically up-regulated in the recombinant strain, and metal ions, including Cu2+, Fe2+, Mn2+, and Mg2+, were deficient in the recombinant(More)
Autoinducer 2 (AI-2) is widely recognized as a signal molecule for intra- and interspecies communication in Gram-negative bacteria, but its signaling function in Gram-positive bacteria, especially in Staphylococcus aureus, remains obscure. Here we reveal the role of LuxS in the regulation of capsular polysaccharide synthesis in S. aureus NCTC8325 and show(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important human pathogen that is the principal cause of a variety of diseases, ranging from localized skin infections to life-threatening systemic infections. The success of the organism as a pathogen and its ability to cause such a wide range of infections are due to its extensive virulence factors. In this study, we identified(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is the main etiological organism responsible for bovine mastitis. The ability of S. aureus to form biofilms plays an important role in the pathogenesis of mastitis. Biofilm formation in S. aureus is associated with the production of polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) protein and several other proteins. Several environmental(More)
The growth of many breast tumors is stimulated by IGF-1, which activates signal transduction pathways inducing cell proliferation. ERα is important in this process. The aim of the study was to investigate relationships in vitro among inhibitory effects of luteolin on the growth of MCF-7 cells, IGF-1 pathway and ERα. Our results showed that luteolin could(More)
The diversity and content of available nitrogen sources in the growth medium both are very important in the accumulation of ergosterol in the yeast cell membrane. Growth on the good nitrogen sources such as ammonia can harvest more yeast cells than on poor ones, but ergosterol content in those yeast cells is relatively lower. Ergosterol content, one of the(More)
The characteristics of [(125)I]Bolton-Hunter[Sar(9),Met(O(2))(11)]substance P ([(125)I]BH-SarSP) binding were investigated in membranes of human ascending, transverse, distal, and sigmoid colon circular muscle. Binding of [(125)I]BH-SarSP was of high affinity (K(D) = 68 nM) and low capacity (B(max) = 0.31 fmol/mg of wet weight tissue), and showed no(More)
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important staple food crops in the world, and rice tillering and panicle branching are important traits determining grain yield. Since the gene MONOCULM 1 (MOC 1) was first characterized as a key regulator in controlling rice tillering and branching, great progress has been achieved in identifying important genes(More)
It is a big challenge to segment magnetic resonance (MR) images with intensity inhomogeneity. The widely used segmentation algorithms are region based, which mostly rely on the intensity homogeneity, and could bring inaccurate results. In this paper, we propose a novel region-based active contour model in a variational level set formulation. Based on the(More)
The direct feedback control of glucose using an on-line ethanol concentration monitor for ergosterol production by high-cell-density fermentation was investigated and the fermentation parameters (e.g., pH, dissolved oxygen, ethanol concentration, oxygen uptake rate, carbon dioxide evolution rate and respiratory quotient) were analyzed. Controlling glucose(More)