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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are involved in various processes from plant growth and development to biotic and abiotic stress responses. MAPK kinases (MAPKKs), which link MAPKs and MAPKK kinases (MAPKKKs), play crucial roles in MAPK cascades to mediate a variety of stress responses in plants. However, few MAPKKs have been functionally(More)
Direct effects on epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) activity by lipids, e.g., arachidonic acid (AA), eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA), linoleic acid (LA), stearic acid (SA), hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), 11,12–epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET), (PGF2), and (PGE2), in cultured mouse cortical collecting duct (M1) cells were clarified by using single-channel(More)
Phenolic compounds in tea plant [Camellia sinensis (L.)] play a crucial role in dominating tea flavor and possess a number of key pharmacological benefits on human health. The present research aimed to study the profile of tissue-specific, development-dependent accumulation pattern of phenolic compounds in tea plant. A total of 50 phenolic compounds were(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play important roles in mediating pathogen responses and reactive oxygen species signaling. In plants, MAPKs are classified into four major groups (A-D). Previous studies have mainly focused on groups A and B, but little is known about group C. In this study, we functionally characterized a stress-responsive(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the adverse reaction of Danhong injection with four kinds of methods, central monitoring method, chart review method, literature study method and spontaneous reporting method, and to compare the differences between them, explore an appropriate method to carry out post-marketing safety evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine injection.(More)
[Ca(2+)](i) elevation is a key event when O(2) sensitive cells, e.g. PC12 cells and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, face hypoxia. Ca(2+) entry pathways in mediating hypoxia-induced [Ca(2+)](i) elevation include: voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCCs), transient receptor potential (TRP) channel and Na(+)-Ca(2+) ex-changer (NCX). In the pulmonary artery,(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer that shows a high mortality and increasing incidence. There are numerous successful treatment options for CRC, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy; however, their side effects and limitations are considerable. Probiotics may be an effective strategy for(More)
During the parasitological survey of cultured juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna (PBT) Thunnus orientalis in 2007 and 2008, two myxosporeans and one microsporidian were found. Morphological and molecular analysis showed that the heart-infecting and brain-infecting myxosporeans are identified as Kudoa shiomitsui and K. yasunagai, respectively. This is a new host(More)
Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) play an important role in protecting organisms against the toxicity of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, no information is available for GSTs in the Chinese honey bee (Apis cerana cerana). In this study, we isolated and characterized a zeta class GST gene (AccGSTZ1) from the Chinese honey bee. This gene is present in(More)
Promising catalytic activity from molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is attributed to active sites located along the edges of its two-dimensional layered crystal structure, but its performance is currently limited by the density and reactivity of active sites, poor electrical transport, and inefficient electrical contact to(More)