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RATIONALE Yes-associated protein (YAP), the nuclear effector of Hippo signaling, regulates cellular growth and survival in multiple organs, including the heart, by interacting with TEA (transcriptional enhancer activator)-domain sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins. Recent studies showed that YAP stimulates cardiomyocyte proliferation and survival.(More)
Although the state space approach for estimating multilevel regression models has been well established for decades in the time series literature, it does not receive much attention from educational and psychological researchers. In this article, we (a) introduce the state space approach for estimating multilevel regression models and (b) extend the state(More)
Transcriptional profiling is a useful strategy to study development and disease. Approaches to isolate RNA from specific cell types, or from specific cellular compartments, would extend the power of this strategy. Previous work has shown that isolation of genetically tagged ribosomes (translating ribosome affinity purification; TRAP) is an effective means(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation of promoter CpG islands is associated with gene suppression, and its unique genome-wide profiles have been linked to tumor progression. Coupled with high-throughput sequencing technologies, it can now efficiently determine genome-wide methylation profiles in cancer cells. Also, experimental and computational technologies make it(More)
MSC are being explored as a promising novel treatment for SLE. In this study, we: 1) assessed the differential effects of allogeneic versus syngeneic MSC transplantation on lupus-like disease, 2) explored the mechanisms by which MSC modulate disease, and 3) investigated whether lupus-derived-MSC have intrinsic immunomodulatory defects. We showed that in(More)
There is considerable research in chemistry to develop reaction conditions so that any of a very large number of reactants will successfully form new compounds, e.g. for two components, A(i) + B(j) --> A-B(ij). The numbers of A's and B's usually make it impossible to make all the possible products; with multicomponent reactions, there could easily be(More)
RATIONALE Yes-associated protein (YAP), the terminal effector of the Hippo signaling pathway, is crucial for regulating embryonic cardiomyocyte proliferation. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that YAP activation after myocardial infarction (MI) would preserve cardiac function and improve survival. METHODS AND RESULTS We used a cardiac-specific, inducible(More)
OBJECTIVE Down-regulation of toll-like receptor (TLRs) is present in animals with endotoxin tolerance. The spleen is the largest peripheral lymphatic organ in vivo, and it plays an important role in inflammatory reactivity. In this study we investigated TLR2 and TLR4 proteins in the spleen of endotoxic tolerant mice. METHODS The TLR2 and TLR4 proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Global profiling of in vivo protein-DNA interactions using ChIP-based technologies has evolved rapidly in recent years. Although many genome-wide studies have identified thousands of ERα binding sites and have revealed the associated transcription factor (TF) partners, such as AP1, FOXA1 and CEBP, little is known about ERα associated hierarchical(More)
How stage-specific enhancer dynamics modulate gene expression patterns essential for organ development, homeostasis and disease is not well understood. Here, we addressed this question by mapping chromatin occupancy of GATA4--a master cardiac transcription factor--in heart development and disease. We find that GATA4 binds and participates in establishing(More)