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Causal networks are graphically represented by directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). Learning causal networks from data is a challenging problem due to the size of the space of DAGs, the acyclicity constraint placed on the graphical structures, and the presence of equivalence classes. In this article, we develop an L 1-penalized likelihood approach to estimate(More)
The genus Echinochloa (Poaceae) includes numerous problematic weeds that cause the reduction of crop yield worldwide. To date, DNA sequence information is still limited in the genus Echinochloa. In this study, we completed the entire chloroplast genomes of two Echinochloa species (Echinochloa oryzicola and Echinochloa crus-galli) based on high-throughput(More)
The target of rapamycin (TOR) plays a central role in eukaryotic cell growth control 1. With prevalent hyper-activation of the mTOR pathway in human cancers 2 , novel strategies to enhance Users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full Conditions(More)
Whole-genome re-sequencing of weedy rice from southern China reveals that weedy rice can originate from hybridization of domesticated indica and japonica rice. Weedy rice (Oryza sativa f. spontanea Rosh.), which harbors phenotypes of both wild and domesticated rice, has become one of the most notorious weeds in rice fields worldwide. While its formation is(More)
  • S Madhusudahan Verma, References-Ling Liu, Fei Fu, Lunmo Xiao, Yang Lu
  • 2012
An ad hoc network comprises of few particular connections which collectively collaborate to assist other connections to converse with its associates with the assistance of direct wireless broadcasting. Routing issue in ad hoc broadcasting revised routing problem in a unfavorable situations taking into assumption a secure surrounding. A Node Centric Trust(More)
SMER3 prevents the assembly of SCF Met30 or induces SCF complex dissociation Presently we are unable to distinguish between these two possible modes of action by SMER3. Attempts to detect SMER3-dependent release of Met30 from the SCF complex in vitro were unsuccessful. Furthermore, complex assembly cannot be studied in vitro since Met30 expressed without(More)
Clustering technique in spatial data mining is considerable as an important research direction in spatial database domain. The growing size of the spatial database in Georgraphical Information Systems (GIS), medical image systems, satellite image processing system and real estate information system, raise the demand of eecient and large scale data(More)
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