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In this study, we employ antisense RNA technology to block Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) gene expression in cell culture by gene transfer as an approach to block immune recognition and pathogenic sequelae. Retroviral vectors encoding antisense and sense copies of the HBV surface antigen gene (HBsAg) were constructed, respectively. To assay the inhibition of HBV(More)
cDNA clones mapping within the first 2601 bases of the 3' end of the porcine transmissible gastroenteritis corona-virus (TGEV) genome were sequenced by the method of Maxam and Gilbert and an open reading frame yielding a protein having properties of the matrix (M or E1) protein was identified. It is positioned at the 5' side of the nucleocapsid (N) gene(More)
cDNA clones mapping within the first 2601 bases of the 3' end of the TGEV genome were sequenced completely or in part by the method of Maxam and Gilbert and open reading frames were examined. One reading frame yielding a protein having properties of the matrix (M) protein was identified. It is positioned at the immediate 5' side of the nucleocapsid (N) gene(More)
Overexpression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) has been postulated as one possible mechanism of radioprotection for hematopoietic cells. In this study retroviral constructs having the human MnSOD gene in both the sense and antisense orientations and the Neo-R gene as a selectable marker were transfected into the human erythroleukemic cell line(More)
BPR0C261 is a synthetic small molecule compound cytotoxic against human cancer cells and active prolonging the lifespan of leukemia mice. In the present study, we further investigated the mechanisms of its anticancer action and found that BPR0C261 inhibited microtubule polymerization through interacting with the colchicine binding sites on tubulins,(More)
The open reading frame potentially encoding a 78 amino acid, 9101 Da hydrophobic protein (HP) and, mapping at the 3' end of the porcine transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) genome, was shown to be expressed during virus replication. The cloned HP gene was placed in a plasmid under control of the T7 RNA polymerase promoter and in vitro(More)
We recently cloned a novel rabbit gene that encodes a 725-amino acid protein (Kcn1) (Y. Yao, A. S. Segal, P. Welling, X. Zhang, C. M. McNicholas, D. Engel, E. L. Boulpaep, and G. Desir. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 11711-11715, 1995). Kcn1 RNA injected in Xenopus oocytes leads to the expression of potassium channels that are specifically activated by(More)
The presence of bcl-2 in myeloid leukemias has been associated with a decrease in therapy-induced apoptosis, reduced patient survival and in vitro autonomous growth of leukemic cells. The present study focuses on the quantitation of resistance to increasing doses of 1-beta-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (Ara-C) by using hematological tumors expressing different(More)
To test the feasibility of gene therapy for AIDS patients, an animal model is needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this approach. Antiviral genes (encoding antisense RNA or viral protein) derived from Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) were efficiently targeted into CD4+ lymphocytes through retroviral-mediated gene transfer. After challenging with(More)
Live attenuated vaccines prepared from simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) have provided the best protective immunity in challenge experiments. In animals vaccinated with attenuated SIV, immune responses may be elicited owing to endogenous expression of native SIV proteins and/or antigen presentation in the native replication site of virus. However,(More)