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Mitochondria are subcellular organelles with an essentially oxidative type of metabolism. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in it increases under stress conditions and causes oxidative damage. In the present study, effects of exogenous sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide (NO) donor, on both the ROS metabolism in mitochondria and(More)
The hypoglycemia and serum limitation-induced cell death in cultured PC12 cells represents a useful in vitro model for the study of brain ischemia and neurodegenerative disorders. Salidroside is a phenylpropanoid glycoside isolated from Rhodiola rosea L., a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, and has displayed a broad spectrum of pharmacological(More)
Myostatin, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, has been identified as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. To provide more data on the role of myostatin in denervation-induced muscle atrophy, we examined the time-dependent changes in myostatin mRNA and protein as well as Smad2 and phospho-Smad2 protein levels in(More)
The interactions between chloramphenicol and lysozyme were studied using fluorescence, UV/vis and circular dichroism spectra. The results proved the mechanism of fluorescence quenching of lysozyme by chloramphenicol is due to the formation of lysozyme-chloramphenicol complex. The thermodynamic parameters, enthalpy change (DeltaH) and entropy change (DeltaS)(More)
The use of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in nerve tissue engineering leads to an improved functional outcome of peripheral nerve repair. Schwann cells (SCs) are primary structural and functional cells in peripheral nervous system and play a crucial role in peripheral nerve regeneration. We hypothesize that MSCs promote peripheral nerve(More)
Unlike the central nervous system, peripheral nerves can regenerate when damaged. MicroRNA (miRNA) is a novel class of small, non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here, we report regular alterations of miRNA expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using deep sequencing. We harvested dorsal root ganglia(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Here we report early alterations of miRNAs expression following rat sciatic nerve injury using microarray analysis. We harvested dorsal root ganglia (DRG) tissues and identified 19 miRNAs that showed significant changes at four(More)
Hesperidin is a flavanone glycoside widely available for dietary intake in citrus fruits or citrus fruit derived products; however, exhaustive and reliable data are scarcely available for biological activity when it exerts protective health effects in humans. The principal intent of this work is to check binding domain and structural changes of human serum(More)
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a cofactor in several enzyme-catalyzed redox reactions, possesses a potential capability of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibiting cell apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of PQQ on glutamate-induced cell death in primary cultured hippocampal neurons and the possible underlying mechanisms.(More)
To investigate possible protective effects of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) on the rat cortex with glutamate injection and to understand the mechanisms linking the in vivo neuroprotection of PQQ. Adult Sprague–Dawley rats received glutamate injection into the rat cortex. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling assay was(More)