Feeling Y.-T. Chen

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Caspases are universal effectors of apoptosis. The mitochondrial and death receptor pathways activate distinct apical caspases (caspase-9 and -8, respectively) that converge on the proteolytic activation of the downstream executioner caspase-3. Caspase-9 and -8 cleave procaspase-3 to produce a p24 processing intermediate (composed of its prodomain and large(More)
Caspases are key mediators of apoptosis. Using a novel expression cloning strategy we recently developed to identify cDNAs encoding caspase substrates, we isolated the intermediate filament protein vimentin as a caspase substrate. Vimentin is preferentially cleaved by multiple caspases at distinct sites in vitro, including Asp85 by caspases-3 and -7 and(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase R1 gene expression is elevated in BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts treated with the tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). We show that TPA treatment increased the half-life of R1 mRNA by 5-fold, indicating that TPA regulates R1 gene expression by a post-transcriptional mechanism. We investigated the possibility that the(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase R2 gene expression is elevated in BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts treated with transforming growth factor beta 1. We investigated the possibility that the 3'-UTR of ribonucleotide reductase R2 mRNA contains regulatory information for TGF-beta 1 induced message stability. Using end-labeled RNA fragments in gel shift assays and UV(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase catalyses the reaction that eventually provides the four deoxyribonucleotides required for the synthesis and repair of DNA. U.v.-cross-linking and band-shift experiments have identified in COS 7 monkey cells an approx. 57 kDa ribonucleotide reductase R1 mRNA-binding protein called R1BP, which binds specifically to a 49-nt region of(More)
The R2 gene of ribonucleotide reductase is elevated in BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts treated with the tumor promotor, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). TPA treatment increased the half-life of the R2 message by 3-fold, showing that TPA regulates R2 gene expression by a post-transcriptional mechanism(s). A 20-nucleotide (nt) TPA-responsive region was(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated enzyme that provides the four deoxyribonucleotides required for DNA synthesis. Our studies showed that TGF-beta 1 treatment of BALB/c 3T3 mouse fibroblasts markedly elevated ribonucleotide reductase R2 mRNA levels, and also increased the half-life of R2 message by 4-fold from 1.5 h in untreated cells to 6 h in(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated rate-limiting enzyme activity in DNA synthesis, responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to their deoxyribonucleotide forms. Using 3'-end labeled RNA and band-shift and UV cross-linking analyses, we have identified a cis-element, 5'-CAAACUUC-3', within the 3'-untranslated region of the mammalian ribonucleotide(More)
A rate-limiting reaction in DNA synthesis is catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase, the enzyme responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to provide the deoxyribonucleotide precursors of DNA. In this study, we have tested the hypothesis that posttranscriptional regulation of ribonucleotide reductase R1 gene expression is controlled by a protein kinase C(More)
I-region-associated (Ia) class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) products are known to play a major role in autoimmunity. Effects of anti-I-A and anti-I-E monoclonal antibodies on development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) were investigated in Lewis rats. Prior to sensitization with S-antigen, seven groups of rats, six in each group, were(More)