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Many scientific disciplines ranging from physics, chemistry and biology to material sciences, geophysics and medical diagnostics need a powerful X-ray source with pulse lengths in the femtosecond range 1-4. This would allow, for example, time-resolved observation of chemical reactions with atomic resolution. Such radiation of extreme intensity, and tunable(More)
The Photo Injector Test facility at DESY, Zeuthen site (PITZ), is dedicated to develop and optimize high brightness electron sources for short wavelength Free-Electron Lasers (FELs) like FLASH and the European XFEL, both in Hamburg (Germany). Since October 2009 a major upgrade is ongoing with the goal to improve the accelerating components, the photocathode(More)
This paper presents the behavior of the TTF2 RF gun with long RF pulses (up to 900 µs), high peak power (up to 3 MW) and high repetition rate (up to 10 Hz). The experiments have been realized at the Photo Injector Test Facility of DESY Zeuthen from January to March 2003, where the RF gun has been tested prior to its installation at DESY Hamburg on the TTF2(More)
The stability of the photo injector is a key issue for the successful operation of linac based free electron lasers. Several types of jitter can impact the stability of a laser driven RF gun. Fluctuations of the RF launch phase and the cathode laser energy have significant influence on the performance of a high brightness electron source. Bunch charge(More)
Cherenkov radiators based on Silica aerogel are used to measure the electron bunch length at the photo injector test facility at DESY Zeuthen (PITZ). The energy range of those electrons is 4-5 MeV. In this paper the time resolution defined by the usage of aerogel is calculated analytically and Monte Carlo simulations are performed. It is shown that Silica(More)
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