Federico San Martini

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[1] The atmospheric chemistry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in urban areas results in the formation of ‘photochemical smog’, including secondary organic aerosol (SOA). State-of-the-art SOA models parameterize the results of simulation chamber experiments that bracket the conditions found in the polluted urban atmosphere. Here we show that in the real(More)
[1] The sources of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) are highly uncertain. Direct measurements of gas-phase glyoxal in Mexico City are compared to experimentally constrained model predictions. Observed glyoxal concentrations are found significantly below those predicted. Additional glyoxal sources are likely and would increase these differences; an additional(More)
Data from a recent field campaign in Mexico City are used to evaluate the performance of the EPA Federal Reference Method for monitoring the ambient concentrations of NO2. Measurements of NO2 from standard chemiluminescence monitors equipped with molybdenum oxide converters are compared with those from Tunable Infrared Laser Differential Absorption(More)
In the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, clinical trials showed that interferon (IFN) treatment was able to delay AIDS progression and prolong survival. Along with HAART, ancillary use of IFN during primary infection and before HAART therapy initiation has been effective. Also endogenous IFN may positively affect the progression of HIV(More)
Vgamma9Vdelta2 T lymphocytes are broadly reactive against various intracellular pathogens and display both lytic and proliferative responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cells. HIV infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures led to absolute increases in Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells accompanied by decreased p24 levels. Strong(More)
BACKGROUND Pandemic A/H1N1v influenza is characterized by a mild clinical course. However, a small subset of patients develops a rapidly progressive course caused by primary viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial infections that, in many cases, lead to death due to respiratory failure. The aim of the present study was to analyze the involvement of the(More)
The complex antiviral immune mechanisms involve both adaptive and innate reactions mediated by gammadelta T lymphocytes, whose unique immunosurveillance contributions are analyzed here in different clinical and experimental settings. It is beyond any doubt that the fast, potent, cytotoxic as well as non-cytolytic antiviral activities of gammadelta T cells(More)
Several subsets of alphabeta regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been described and studied intensively, but the potential regulatory role of gammadelta T cells remains largely unclear. Lymphocytes expressing gammadelta TCR are involved in both innate and adaptive immune responses, and their major adult human peripheral blood subset (Vgamma9Vdelta2) displays a(More)
The emergence of pathogens such as SARS and the increased threat of bioterrorism has stimulated the development of novel diagnostic assays for differential diagnosis. Rather than focusing on the detection of an individual pathogen component, we have developed a T cell profiling system to monitor responses to the pathogens in an array format. Using a matrix(More)
Orthopoxvirus zoonosis or smallpox as result of bioterrorism or biological warfare represents a risk for epidemic spread. By monitoring T-cell responses by flow cytometry, we observed a recall response after recent vaccination against smallpox. When the high similarity between the orthopoxviruses is considered, this rapid assay that uses vaccinia antigens(More)