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Palytoxins are potent marine biotoxins that have recently become endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and are becoming more frequently associated with seafood. Due to their high toxicity, suitable methods to quantify palytoxins are needed. Thus, we developed an indirect sandwich ELISA for palytoxin and 42-hydroxy-palytoxin. An intralaboratory study(More)
This review deals with short peptides (up to 50 amino acids) as biomimetic active recognition elements in sensing systems. Peptide-based sensors have been developed in recent years according to different strategies. Synthetic peptides have been designed on the basis of known interactions between single or a few amino acids and targets, with attention being(More)
beta-Defensins play an important role in both innate and adaptive immunity, displaying a direct anti-microbial activity against a wide variety of micro-organisms as well as interesting immuno-modulatory effects on host cells. Interaction with biological membranes appears to be a central theme in modulating these activities, leading to different consequences(More)
Chlorogenic acids and their derivatives are abundant in coffee and their composition changes between coffee species. Human serum albumin (HSA) interacts with this family of compounds with high affinity. We have studied by fluorescence spectroscopy the specific binding of HSA with eight compounds that belong to the coffee polyphenols family, four acids(More)
An assay for routine therapeutic drug monitoring of anti-HIV HAART drugs in clinical use is highly desirable, in order to rapidly measure the pharmacokinetic parameters on single patients. We have started a project to develop a panel of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for the whole set of HAART drugs, and the development, performance and(More)
We have extended a highly flexible method for rapidly assembling aspartic protease inhibitors to produce symmetric and asymmetric monohydroxyethylene peptidomimetics. This method is based on the prior synthesis of the central non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere [NH(2)-P(1)psiP1'-NH(2); psi=hydroxyethylene isostere, HNCH(Bz)CHOHCH(2)CH(Bz)NH], with the(More)
Bac7 is a proline-rich antimicrobial peptide, selective for Gram-negative bacteria, which acts intracellularly after membrane translocation. Progressively shortened fragments of Bac7 allowed determining the minimal sequence required for entry and antimicrobial activity as a 16-residue, N-terminal fragment, while further shortening led to a marked decrease(More)
A method for the determination of zeranol and its metabolite beta-zearalanol in bovine urine is described. It has been applied to samples from calves given multiple subcutaneous doses of zeranol. Samples were extracted with immunoaffinity columns containing antibodies raised against zeranol and were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The(More)
Ostreopsis cf. ovata, a benthic dinoflagellate often blooming along the Mediterranean coasts, has been associated with toxic events ranging from dyspnea to mild dermatitis. In late September 2009, an Ostreopsis cf. ovata bloom occurred in the Gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic Sea; Italy), causing pruritus and mild dermatitis in beachgoers. An integrated(More)
Aspartic protease (PR) of HIV-1 virus represents a valid therapeutic target for the design of antiviral agents suitable for treatment of AIDS. We have designed peptidomimetic PR inhibitors containing a novel dihydroxyethylenediamine -Phe-Psi[CHOH-CHOH]-Pro- core using molecular modelling approach that predicts the inhibitory potencies (IC(50)(pre)) in terms(More)