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AIM To assess the possible effect of two different types of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on recurrence-free survival after liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to analyze the effects of TACE on tumor histology. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the histological features of 130 HCC(More)
We performed in vitro studies to elucidate the bactericidal activity of the antibiotics in an adherent-cell biofilm model. Efficacy studies were performed in a staphylococcal central venous catheter (CVC) infection rat model. Silastic catheters were implanted into the superior cava. Via the CVC the rats were challenged with 1.0 x 10(6) CFU of a live(More)
Staphylococcal bacteria are a prevalent cause of infections associated with foreign bodies and indwelling medical devices. Bacteria are capable of escaping antibiotic treatment through encapsulation into biofilms. RNA III-inhibiting peptide (RIP) is a heptapeptide that inhibits staphylococcal biofilm formation by obstructing quorum-sensing mechanisms.(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a prevalent cause of bacterial infections associated with indwelling medical devices. RNA III inhibiting peptide (RIP) is known to inhibit S. aureus pathogenesis by disrupting quorum-sensing mechanisms. RIP was tested in the present study for its ability to inhibit S. aureus biofilm formation in a rat Dacron graft model. The(More)
BACKGROUND Medical devices used in clinical practice are often associated with biofilm-associated staphylococcal infections. METHODS An in vitro antibiotic susceptibility assay of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms using 96-well polystyrene tissue-culture plates was performed to test the effects of RNAIII-inhibiting peptide (RIP), ciprofloxacin, imipenem, and(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteria that adhere to implanted medical devices play an important role in industry and in modern medicine. Staphylococci are among the most common pathogens that cause biomaterial infections. Vascular prosthetic graft infection is one of the most feared complications that the vascular surgeon treats, frequently resulting in prolonged(More)
The quorum-sensing inhibitor RIP inhibits staphylococcal TRAP/agr systems and both TRAP- and agr-negative strains are deficient in biofilm formation in vivo, indicating the importance of quorum sensing to biofilms in the host. RIP injected systemically into rats has been found to have strong activity in preventing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the antiendotoxin activity and therapeutic efficacy of sheep myeloid antimicrobial peptide (SMAP)-29, a cathelicidin-derived peptide. The in vitro ability of SMAP-29 to bind LPS from Escherichia coli 0111:B4 was determined using a sensitive limulus chromogenic assay. Two rat models of septic shock were(More)
OBJECTIVES A rat model was used to investigate the efficacy of linezolid, alone or in combination with levofloxacin and vancomycin, in the prevention of vascular prosthetic graft infection resulting from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides. METHODS Graft infections were established in the(More)
We investigated the efficacy of LL-37, the C-terminal part of the only cathelicidin in humans identified to date (termed human cationic antimicrobial protein), in three experimental rat models of gram-negative sepsis. Adult male Wistar rats (i) were given an intraperitoneal injection of 1 mg Escherichia coli 0111:B4 LPS, (ii) were given 2 x 10(10) CFU of(More)