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During early embryogenesis, microglia arise from yolk sac progenitors that populate the developing central nervous system (CNS), but how the tissue-resident macrophages are maintained throughout the organism's lifespan still remains unclear. Here, we describe a system that allows specific, conditional ablation of microglia in adult mice. We found that the(More)
Physical frailty and sarcopenia are two common and largely overlapping geriatric conditions upstream of the disabling cascade. The lack of a unique operational definition for physical frailty and sarcopenia and the complex underlying pathophysiology make the development of biomarkers for these conditions extremely challenging. Indeed, the current(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to evaluate the systemic effects of an isotonic sports drink on the metabolic status of athletes of the Italian Olympic rowing team during recovery after strenuous and prolonged physical exercise by means of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics analysis on plasma and urine. METHODS Forty-four male athletes(More)
Hypericum perforatum L. is a medicinal plant commonly used worldwide for the treatment of mild and moderate depression due to its wide range of bioactive compounds. H. perforatum regenerated roots have been proposed as an efficacious in vitro system to biosynthesize pharmaceutically useful secondary metabolites. In the present study, a metabolomic platform,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic, low-grade inflammation and declining physical function are hallmarks of the aging process. However, previous attempts to correlate individual inflammatory biomarkers with physical performance in older people have produced mixed results. Given the complexity of the inflammatory response, the simultaneous analysis of an array of(More)
BACKGROUND Serum concentrations of the C-terminal fragment of agrin (CAF), a component of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), are elevated in older community-dwellers with sarcopenia. Whether CAF may be used as a marker for muscle wasting in the presence of NMJ mechanical damage is presently unknown. The present study was undertaken to verify if serum CAF(More)
The paper describes the fieldwork at the Italian test site of the abandoned mine of sphalerite and galena in Ingurtosu (Sardinia), with the aim to assess the applicability of a "toolbox" to establish the optimized techniques for remediation of soils contaminated by mining activities. A preliminary characterization-including (hydro)geochemistry, heavy metal(More)
The problem of authenticating extra virgin olive oil varieties is particularly important from the standpoint of quality control. After having shown in our previous works the possibility of discriminating oils from a single variety using chemometrics, in this study a combination of two different neural networks architectures was employed for the resolution(More)
A simple, fast and relatively inexpensive spectrophotometric method for the identification and the quantification of the individual components of the Italian general denaturant in alcohol samples is proposed. In particular, it is shown that bitrex (a quaternary ammonium salt), whose UV spectrum is completely masked by those of the other denaturant(More)
Artificial neural networks are a family of non-linear computational methods, loosely inspired by the human brain, that have found application in an increasing number of fields of analytical chemistry and specifically of food control. In this review, the main neural network architectures are described and examples of their application to solve food(More)