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Stem cells with the potential to give rise to new neurons reside in different regions of the adult rodents CNS, but in vivo only the hippocampal dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone-olfactory bulb system are neurogenic under physiological condition. Comparative analyses have shown that vast species differences exist in the way the mammalian brain is(More)
In adult rodents, doublecortin (DCX) and polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) expression is mostly restricted to newly generated neurons. These molecules have also been described in prenatally generated cells of the piriform cortex and, to a lesser extent, neocortex (NC) of the rat. In addition, PSA-NCAM+ cells have been identified in(More)
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)₂D₃), a crucial regulator of calcium/phosphorus homeostasis, has important physiological effects on growth and differentiation in a variety of malignant and non-malignant cells. Synthetic structural hormone analogues, with lower hypercalcemic side effects, are currently under clinical investigation. Sphingolipids appear to(More)
In the brains of adult mammals long-distance cell migration of neuronal precursors is known to occur in the rostral migratory stream, involving chains of cells sliding into astrocytic glial tubes. By combining immunocytochemistry for polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM), neuronal and glial antigens, endogenous and exogenously administered(More)
Mechanisms underlying neurogenesis in the subventricular-zone-olfactory-bulb system and dentate gyrus of the hippocampus are beginning to be delineated and show common regulative features. In both regions neurogenesis is attributable to progenitor cells whose progeny progressively matures to functional neurons under genetic and epigenetic influence.(More)
Acute striatal lesions increase proliferation in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and induce migration of SVZ neuroblasts to the striatum. However, the potential of these cells to replace acutely degenerated neurons is controversial. The possible contribution of parenchymal progenitors to striatal lesion-induced neurogenesis has been poorly explored. Here, we(More)
In the adult brain, subsets of astrocytic cells residing in well-defined neurogenic niches constitutively generate neurons throughout life. Brain lesions can stimulate neurogenesis in otherwise non-neurogenic regions, but whether local astrocytic cells generate neurons in these conditions is unresolved. Here, through genetic and viral lineage tracing in(More)
Expression of stathmin, a microtubule-associated cytoplasmic protein, prominently localized in neuroproliferative zones and neuronal migration pathways in brain, was investigated in the GnRH neuroendocrine system in vivo and the function was analyzed using an in vitro approach. Here we present novel data demonstrating that GnRH migrating neurons in nasal(More)
Current advances in imaging techniques have extended the possibility of visualizing small structures within large volumes of both fixed and live specimens without sectioning. These techniques have contributed valuable information to study neuronal plasticity in the adult brain. However, technical limits still hamper the use of these approaches to(More)
The neocortex is unique to mammals and its evolutionary origin is still highly debated. The neocortex is generated by the dorsal pallium ventricular zone, a germinative domain that in reptiles give rise to the dorsal cortex. Whether this latter allocortical structure contains homologs of all neocortical cell types it is unclear. Recently we described a(More)