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A consistent link appears to exist between predominance of vagal or sympathetic activity and predominance of HF or LF oscillations, respectively: RR variability contains both of these rhythms, and their relative powers appear to subserve a reciprocal relation like that commonly found in sympathovagal balance. In this respect, it is our opinion that rhythms(More)
We analyzed the discharges of 77 single neurons located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM, n = 25), caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM, n = 18), lateral tegmental field (LTF, n = 19) and caudal raphe nuclei (n = 15). These recordings were made from 36 vagotomized and sinoaortic denervated cats that were either decerebrate (n = 27) or anesthetized(More)
To evaluate if the 0.1-Hz low-frequency oscillations of R-R interval are a reflection of rhythmical pattern of discharge of the sympathetic outflow, we analysed in 10 decerebrate cats heart rate and cardiac sympathetic efferent discharge variability. A predominant low-frequency component was present in both signals, thus suggesting that the 0.1-Hz rhythm(More)
Heart period constantly changes on a beat to beat basis, due to autonomic influences on the sinoatrial node, and changes can be quantified as heart rate variability (HRV). In addition, after a premature ventricular beat, there are reproducible variations in RR interval, also due to baroreflex mediated autonomic influences on the sinoatrial node, that can be(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia characterized by irregular ventricular response. During AF, beat-to-beat variability of arterial pressure (AP) is increased because of continuous changes in filling time, stroke volume and contractility. Only a few studies have analyzed short-term AP variability during AF but they were mainly focused on the(More)
Non-linear interactions between low-frequency rhythms (0.1 Hz) of beat-to-beat variability series of sympathetic discharge and respiratory rhythm (0.3 Hz) are observed in decerebrate artificially ventilated cats. Simple graphical tools as Poincaré and recurrence maps are used to detect, in a qualitative way, phase-locking phenomena. Non-parametric(More)
OBJECTIVE In approaching the study and practice of heart failure (HF) management, authors recognise that the patient-doctor relationship has a central role in engaging patients in their care. This study aims at identifying the features and the levers of HF patient engagement and suggestions for orienting clinical encounters. DESIGN Using a grounded theory(More)
BACKGROUND The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays an important role in the genesis and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), but quantification of its electrophysiologic effects is extremely complex and difficult. Aim of the study was to evaluate the capability of linear and non-linear indexes to capture the fine changing dynamics of atrial signals and(More)
This paper contains data and discussion of the role of afferents in the sympathetic trunks from the cardiovascular complex that evoke autonomic reflex action. A description is given of these cardiovascular reflexes induced by afferents of the sympathetic trunks in neurally intact as well as spinal animals. A positive feedback hypothesis is also proposed.
AIMS Chagas disease patients often present premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), depression of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and autonomic dysfunction, which is generally evaluated by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. As frequent PVCs may complicate HRV computation, we measured heart rate turbulence (HRT) and evaluated the correlation(More)