Federico Giovannini

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It is unclear if avoiding hyperglycemia during intensive care after acute brain injury improves morbidity, mortality, and neurologic outcome. This prospective randomized trial tested whether intensive insulin therapy affected infection rates, vasospasm, mortality, or long-term neurologic outcome in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients during their intensive(More)
Intensive research investigating the relation between the management of glycemia and outcome in patients receiving neurocritical care has underlined the possible benefits and adverse events related to glucose control. Here, we review experimental and clinical studies investigating the effects of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia on the brain that advance(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and quantitative potential benefits of a motorcycle autonomous emergency braking (MAEB) system in fatal rear-end crashes. A further aim was to identify possible criticalities of this safety system in the field of powered 2-wheelers (PTWs; e.g., any additional risk introduced by the system(More)
Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is a semi invasive technique that allows a real time evaluation of cardiac anatomy, regional and global function. Its use is becoming an irreplaceable tool for the assessment and therapeutic management of critical patients in the Perioperative setting. A systematic search for reports describing indications for(More)
BACKGROUND Mannitol therapy to treat cerebral edema induces osmotic diuresis and electrolyte loss. In neurocritical care patients, potassium is the electrolyte that most often needs replacement. Objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding potassium sparing diuretic (canrenone) to mannitol therapy on potassium urinary excretion, potassium(More)
In the recent years the autonomous emergency brake (AEB) was introduced in the automotive field to mitigate the injury severity in case of unavoidable collisions. A crucial element for the activation of the AEB is to establish when the obstacle is no longer avoidable by lateral evasive maneuvers (swerving). In the present paper a model to compute the(More)
This paper presents a method to identify inevitable collision states (ICS) specifically for a motorcycle when interacting with an opponent passenger car in typical traffic scenarios. Previous ICS methods were applied to passenger cars or generic vehicles; however, the peculiarities of motorcycles urge the definition of specific methods for these vehicles.(More)