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Several cytokines and growth factors modulate angiogenesis through a fine tuned paracrine or autocrine mode of action. Among them is plateled-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), which is highly is expressed in tumors, and is angiogenic by stimulation of endothelial cell migration. Studies have shown that PD-ECGF is identical to the well known(More)
We have shown that DNA polymerase beta, the only nuclear DNA polymerase present in adult neurons, cannot discriminate between dTTP and dUTP, having the same Km for both substrates. This fact suggests that during reparative DNA synthesis, in adult neurons, dUMP residues can be incorporated into DNA. Since uracil DNA-glycosylase functions to prevent the(More)
Quantitative effects of inhibitors of the replicative DNA polymerases (pol) alpha, delta and epsilon from calf thymus are reported under similar assay conditions. Carbonyldiphosphonate was a competitive inhibitor of pols delta and epsilon, with 4- to 6-fold selectivity compared to pol alpha. Aphidicolin inhibited pols alpha and delta with 6- to 10-fold(More)
We have recently demonstrated that mammalian uracil-DNA glycosylase activity is undetectable in adult neurons. On the basis of this finding we hypothesized that uracil, derived either from oxidative deamination of cytosine or misincorporation of dUMP in place of dTMP during DNA repair by the unique nuclear DNA polymerase present in adult neurons, DNA(More)
Herpes B virus (B virus [BV]) is a macaque herpesvirus that is occasionally transmitted to humans where it can cause rapidly ascending encephalitis that is often fatal. To understand the low susceptibility of BV to the acyclonucleosides, we have cloned, expressed, and characterized the BV thymidine kinase (TK), an enzyme that is expected to "activate"(More)
The activity of nuclear DNA polymerases alpha, beta and delta/epsilon, uracil-DNA glycosylase, thymidine kinase and the presence of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) have been examined in developing rat glial cells, in rat and human glioma, in human neuroblastoma and in differentiated neuroblastoma cell lines in vitro. During glial development the(More)
DNA repair mechanisms usually consist of a complex network of enzymatic reactions catalyzed by a large family of mutually interacting gene products. Thus deficiency, alteration or low levels of a single enzyme and/or of auxiliary proteins might impair a repair process. There are several indications suggesting that some enzymes involved both in DNA(More)
We have investigated the substrate specificity of human, viral and bacterial uracil-DNA glycosylases employing as substrate double-stranded oligonucleotides containing in the same position of the 5'-32P-labelled strand an uracil residue facing, on the complementary strand, guanine (mimicking cytosine deamination) or adenine (mimicking dUTP(More)
The antiviral distamycin A and its phenyl mustard derivative FCE24517 possessing antitumor activity were tested for their ability to inhibit macromolecular synthesis in three human and one murine cell line. While distamycin A was poorly active in these systems, FCE24517 inhibited DNA synthesis efficiently, RNA synthesis to a lower extent and had little(More)
Cellular factors may contribute to the decreased efficacy of chemotherapy in HIV infection. Indeed, prolonged treatment with nucleoside analogues, such as azidothymidine (AZT), 2',3'-deoxycytidine or 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine, induces cellular resistance. We have developed a human T lymphoblastoid cell line (CEM 3TC) that is selectively resistant(More)